Human Motor Development A Lifespan Approach

ISBN-10: 0073523623
ISBN-13: 9780073523620
Edition: 7th 2008 (Revised)
List price: $162.33
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Description: Now in its seventh edition, this topically organized text provides a comprehensive introduction to lifespan motor development and includes the most current research findings available in the field.

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Book details

List price: $162.33
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 1/10/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 552
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.134
Language: English

Now in its seventh edition, this topically organized text provides a comprehensive introduction to lifespan motor development and includes the most current research findings available in the field.

Dept. of Biological Sciences

Preface
About the Authors
An Overview of Development
Introduction to Motor Development
Human Motor Development
The Importance of Motor Development
The Domains of Human Development
Development, Maturation, and Growth
Development
Maturation and Growth
General Motor Development Terms
Developmental Direction
Differentiation and Integration
Gross Movement and Fine Movement
The Process-Product Controversy
Terms for Age Periods Throughout the Lifespan
Stages of Development
The History of the Field of Motor Development
An Interdisciplinary Approach to Motor Development
Designing Research in Motor Development: Cross-Sectional, Longitudinal, or...?
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Cognitive and Motor Development
Psychomotor or Motor?
Jean Piaget and Cognitive Development
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Infancy: The Sensorimotor Stage and Motor Development
Childhood: Preoperations and Motor Development
Later Childhood and Adolescence: Cognitive and Motor Development
Concrete Operational Stage
Formal Operational Stage
Adulthood: Postformal Operations
Adulthood: General Theories of Intellectual Development
The Notion of Total Intellectual Decline
Partial Intellectual Declines
Knowledge Development and Sport Performance
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Online Learning Center
References
Social and Motor Development
Socialization
Self-Esteem Development and Physical Activity
Social Influences During Infancy
Social Influences During Childhood
Play
Family
Social Influences During Older Childhood and Adolescence
Team Play
Gender Role Identification and Movement Activity
Social Factors of Adulthood
Social Learning and Ageism
Other Social Situations Likely to Affect Motor Development
The Exercise-Aging Cycle
Avoiding the Exercise-Aging Cycle
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Factors That Affect Development
Prenatal Development Concerns
Prenatal Development
The First 2 Weeks: Germinal Period
Weeks 3 to 8: Embryonic Period
Weeks 9 to Birth: Fetal Period
Drugs and Medications
Recreational Drugs
Prescriptive Drugs
Nonprescriptive Drugs
Obstetrical Medications
Maternal Diseases
Rubella and Congenital Rubella Syndrome
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Toxoplasmosis
Rh Incompatibility and Erythroblastosis Fetalis
Diabetes Mellitus
Genetic Factors
Chromosomal Disorders
Gene-Based Disorders
Prenatal Diagnostic Procedures
Ultrasound
Amniocentesis
Chorionic Villus Sampling
Alpha-Fetoprotein Test
Triple Marker Screening
Maternal Nutrition
Birth Weight
Exercise During Pregnancy
Maternal Response to Exercise
Fetal Responses to Maternal Exercise
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Effects of Early Stimulation and Deprivation
Effects of Early Stimulation
Programs to Enhance Early Motor Development
Gymboree
Swim Programs for Infants and Preschoolers
Suzuki Method of Playing the Violin
Head Start Programs
Infant Walkers
Johnny and Jimmy
Effects of Early Deprivation
Hopi Cradleboards and Infant Development
Deprivation Dwarfism
Anna: A Case of Extreme Isolation
The "Young Savage of Abeyron"
Concepts Concerning Stimulation and Deprivation
Critical Periods
Readiness
Catch-Up
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Physical Changes Across the Lifespan
Growth and Maturation
Measuring Growth in Length and Stature
Growth in Length and Stature
Measuring Body Weight
Growth in Body Weight
Combining Body Weight and Height: Body Mass Index
Stature and Weight: Interrelationship with Motor Development and Performance
Adolescent Awkwardness
Measuring Changes in Body Proportions
Changes in Body Proportions
Changes in the Ratio of Head Length to Total Body Length
Changes in Head Circumference
Changes in Sitting Height
Growth in Shoulder and Hip Width
Physique
Body Proportions: Interrelationship with Motor Performance
Measuring Skeletal Health
Skeletal Development
Exercise, Skeletal Development, and Health
Maturation and Developmental Age
Skeletal Maturity
Dental Maturity
Age of Menarche
Genitalia Maturity
Maturation: Interrelationship with Motor Performance
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Physiciological Changes: Health-Related Physical Fitness
Cardiovascular Fitness
Heart Rate
Stroke Volume
Cardiac Output
Maximal Oxygen Consumption
Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Fitness in Childhood
Cardiovascular Endurance Field-Test Data on Children and Adolescents
Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Fitness in Adulthood
Muscular Strength
Defining and Measuring Muscular Strength
Age-Related Changes in Muscular Strength: Laboratory Tests
Age-Related Changes in Muscular Strength/Endurance: Field Tests
Muscular Strength Training
Mechanisms of Increasing Muscular Strength
Flexibility
Flexibility: Performance Trends
Declining Flexibility and Aging: Causes and Therapy
Body Composition
Defining Overweight and Obese
General Growth Trends of Adipose Tissue
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity
Association Between Childhood and Adulthood Obesity
Laboratory-Test Measures of Body Composition
Field-Test Measures of Body Composition
Relationship of Obesity to Motor Development and Performance
Treatment of Overweight and Obesity
Gender Differences in Health-Related Physical Fitness
Factors Associated with Physiological Fitness
Points of Controversy and Concern
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Movement and the Changing Senses
Understanding the Mechanics of Vision
Physical Development of the Eye
Development of Selected Visual Traits and Skilled Motor Performance
Visual Acuity
Binocular Vision and Depth Perception
Field of Vision
Effects of Aging on Depth Perception and Field of Vision
Eye Dominance
Tracking and Object Interception
Motor Development of Children with Visual Impairments
Head and Trunk Control
Independent Sitting
Creeping
Independent Walking
Prehension
Play Behavior of Children with Visual Impairments
The Nonvisual Senses
The Proprioceptive System
The Auditory System
The Cutaneous System
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Movement Across the Lifespan
Infant Reflexes and Stereotypies
Importance of the Infant Reflexes
Infant Versus Lifespan Reflexes
Role of the Reflexes in Survival
Role of the Reflexes in Developing Future Movement
The Reflexes as Diagnostic Tools
Pinpointing the Number of Infant Reflexes
Primitive Reflexes
Palmar Grasp Reflex
Sucking Reflex
Search Reflex
Moro Reflex
Startle Reflex
Asymmetric Tonic Neck Reflex
Symmetric Tonic Neck Reflex
Plantar Grasp Reflex
Babinski Reflex
Palmar Mandibular Reflex
Palmar Mental Reflex
Postural Reflexes
Stepping Reflex
Crawling Reflex
Swimming Reflex
Head- and Body-Righting Reflexes
Parachuting Reflexes
Labyrinthine Reflex
Pull-Up Reflex
Stereotypies
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Online Learning Center
References
Voluntary Movements of Infancy
Categorizing the Voluntary Movements of Infancy
Head Control
Body Control
Prone Locomotion
Upright Locomotion
Reaching, Grasping, and Releasing
Anticipation and Object Control in Reaching and Grasping
Bimanual Control
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Online Learning Center
References
Fine Motor Development
Assessing Fine Movement
Categorizing Manipulation
The Development of Prehension
An Alternate View of the Development of Prehension
Exploratory Procedures and Haptic Perception
Holding a Writing Implement
Cross-Cultural Comparison of Development of the Dynamic Tripod
The Dynamic Tripod from 6 to 14 Years
Drawing and Writing: Movement Products
Drawing: The Product
Handwriting: The Product
Finger Tapping
Fine Motor Slowing in Late Adulthood
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Online Learning Center
References
Fundamental Locomotion Skills of Childhood
Walking
Dynamic Base
Foot Angle
Walking Speed
Walking with External Loads
Walking with and Without Shoes
Running
Selected Improvements in the Running Pattern
Developmental Sequences for Running
Developmental Performance Trends for Running
Jumping
Preparatory Phase
Takeoff and Flight Phases
Landing Phase
Developmental Sequences for the Standing Long Jump
Developmental Sequences for the Vertical Jump
Developmental Performance Trends for Vertical Jumping
A Variation of Jumping: Hopping
Combining Fundamental Movements: The Gallop, Slide, and Skip
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Fundamental Object-Control Skills of Childhood
Overarm Throwing
Developmental Stages of Throwing
Developmental Performance Trends for Overarm Throwing
Factors That Influence Overarm Throwing Performance
Accounting for Gender Differences in Overarm Throwing
Catching
Developmental Aspects: Two-Handed Catching
Developmental Sequences for Two-Handed Catching
Developmental Aspects: One-Handed Catching
Factors That Influence Catching Performance
Striking
Developmental Aspects of One- and Two-Handed Striking
Stationary Ball Bouncing
Kicking
Punting
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Online Learning Center
References
Youth Sports
Where Children Participate in Sports
Why Children Participate in Sports
Participation: Competence Motivation Theory
Why Children Drop Out of Sports
Sport Participation: Controversies
Medical Issues
Psychological Issues
Youth Sport Coaching
Who's Coaching Our Children?
An Increasing Need for Educating Coaches
Current Coaching Certification Programs
Arguments Against Mandatory Coaching Certification
Evaluating Coaching Effectiveness
Guidelines for Effective Coaching
Parental Education: An Attempt to Curb Violence
Rights of Young Athletes
Youth Sports: Recommendations for the 21st Century
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Movement in Adulthood
The Shift to a Lifespan Approach to Motor Development
Balance and Postural Sway
Falls
Causes of Falls
Strategies to Avoid Falls Among the Elderly
Walking Patterns of Adulthood
Driving and Older Age
Adult Performance on Selected Motor Activities
Activities of Daily Living
Age of Peak Proficiency
Adult Performance During High Arousal
Movement Speed in Adulthood
Running Speed
Reaction and Response Time
Is a Movement Decline Inevitable with Age?
Compensation for the Movement Decline
Effects of Exercise on the Movement Decline
Effects of Practice on the Movement Decline
Physical Activity Trends in Adulthood
Sports-Related Injuries to Baby Boomers and Older Adults
Teaching Movement Skill to the Older Adult
The World Health Organization Heidelberg Guidelines
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Assessing Motor Development and Implementing a Program
Assessment
Guidelines for Assessment
Why Assess?
What Variables to Assess
Selecting the Best Test
Preparing Students for Assessment
Instructor Preparation and Data Collection
Interpreting the Assessment Data
Formal Versus Informal Assessment
Sharing Assessment Results
Types of Assessment Instruments
Norm-Referenced
Criterion-Referenced
Product-Oriented Assessment
Product- Versus Process-Oriented Assessment: A Comparative Example
Product-Oriented Assessment
Process-Oriented Assessment
Selected Norm-Referenced Instruments
Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development III
Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency
Basic Motor Ability Test-Revised
Denver II
Selected Process-Oriented Assessment Instruments
Sigma
Developmental Sequence of Motor Skills Inventory
Fundamental Motor Pattern Assessment Instrument
Test of Gross Motor Development-2
Assessing the Disabled
Brigance Diagnostic Inventory of Early Development
I Can
Aids in Assessing Motor Skills
Assessing Physical Fitness
The Fitnessgram/Activitygram
The Brockport Physical Fitness Test
The President's Challenge
National Youth Physical Fitness Program
National Children and Youth Fitness Studies I and II
Functional Fitness Assessment for Adults Over 60 Years
The Senior Fitness Test
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Planning and Conducting Developmental Movement Programs
Preprogram Considerations
Philosophy
Facilities and Equipment
Personnel
Administrative Considerations
Advertising the Program
Registration
Orientation Meeting
First-Aid and Emergency Procedures
Cancellation Procedures
Drop-Off and Pick-Up Procedures
Curricular Considerations
Preprogram Assessments
Instructional Organization
Instructional Delivery Considerations
Postprogram Discussions
Parents' Workshop
Summary
Key Terms
Questions for Reflection
Internet Resources
Online Learning Center
References
Growth Charts: National Center for Health Statistics
Body Mass Index Table
Summary of the Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health
Summary of the CDC's Guidelines for School and Community Programs Promoting Lifelong Physical Activity
List of Web Sites
Author Index
Subject Index

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