Practical Skeptic Core Concepts in Sociology

ISBN-10: 0073404152

ISBN-13: 9780073404158

Edition: 4th 2008

Authors: Lisa J. McIntyre
List price: $58.75
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Description: The Practical Skepticis a concise introduction to sociology that focuses on core concepts as the central building blocks for understanding sociology. Lisa McIntyre's straightforward, lively, even humorous style and her emphasis on critical thinking make this an engaging and user-friendly text for students of all levels. Through this conversational style students are able to grasp key sociological concepts and learn the essential lesson that there is much that goes on in the social world that escapes the sociologically untrained eye.

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Book details

List price: $58.75
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 10/15/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.254
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
So, What Is Sociology?
The Value of Sociology to Students
Tips for Studying Sociology-and an Invitation
Responding to Chaos: A Brief History of Sociology
Inquiries into the Physical World
Technology, Urbanization, and Social Upheaval
The Origins of Modern Sociology in France: Emile Durkheim
Excerpt: Emile Durkheim, From Suicide (1897) and The Rules of the Sociological Method (1904)
The Origins of Modern Sociology in Germany: Ferdinand Tonnies, Max Weber, and Karl Marx
Excerpt: Ferdinand Tonnies, From Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft (1887)
Karl Marx
The Origins of Modern Sociology in England: Herbert Spencer
Sociology in the United States
Box: One Small Step for Sociology
The Place of Sociology in Modern Society
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
The Sociological Eye
The Focus on the Social
Skepticism
Box: Nail Down That Distinction Between Manifest and Latent Functions!
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Science and Fuzzy Objects: Specialization in Sociology
Dividing Up the Task
Topic Area or Subject Matter
Theoretical Perspectives (Paradigms): Functionalist, Conflict, and Symbolic Interactionist
The Functionalist Paradigm
The Conflict Paradigm
The Symbolic Interactionist Paradigm
Which Paradigm Is Correct?
Levels of Analysis: Microsociology and Macrosociology
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Who's Afraid of Sociology?
The Empirical World and Inconvenient Facts
Ethnocentrism
Avoiding Ethnocentrism Can Be Difficult
Cultural Relativism
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
The Vocabulary of Science
Variables
Hypotheses
Kinds of Variables: Independent Versus Dependent
Kinds of Relationships: Directionality
Operational Definitions
Tables and Figures
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Doing Social Research
Two Traditions: Quantitative and Qualitative Research
First Things First: The Lit Review
The Survey
Types of Survey Questions
Box: Six Guidelines for Crafting Survey Questions
The Art of Asking Questions
The Experiment
Box: Five Rules for Doing True Experiments
Observation
Unobtrusive (Nonreactive) Research
Artifacts
Use of Existing Statistics
Content Analysis
The Importance of Triangulation
Sampling
Box: Ethics and Social Research
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Culture
Material and Nonmaterial Culture
Nonmaterial culture
Symbols
Language
Norms
Types of norms
Sanctions
Box: The Power of Informal Sanctions
Values
Box: What do Americans value?
Box: Ideology
Box: Ponder
Box: Statements of Belief
Ideas and Beliefs
How It Adds Up
Culture as a Product of Action
Culture as a Conditioning Element of Further Action
Box: Problems Identified and Resolved in All Known Cultures
Box: Varieties of Cultural Wisdom
Social Institutions
Social Change: Cultural Diffusion and Leveling
Subcultures and Countercultures
Excerpt: Margaret Visser, From Much Depends on Dinner (1986)
Idiocultures
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Social Structure
Statuses
Roles
Role Strain
Status Inconsistency
Role Conflict
Box: Tricky Tricky Situations
Master Status
Groups
Primary and Secondary Groups
Formal Organizations and Bureaucracies
Ideal-Type Bureaucracies
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Society and Social Institutions
Societal Needs
The Nature of Social Institutions
Institutions Are Generally Unplanned; They Develop Gradually
Institutions Are Inherently Conservative; They Change, but Slowly
A Particular Society's Institutions Are Interdependent; Because of This, Change in One Institution Tends to Bring About Change in Others
The Statuses, Roles, Values, and Norms Associated with an Institution in One Society Frequently Bear Little Resemblance to Those in Another Society
Box: Polygamy and Monogamy
Social Change: The Trend Toward Increasing Specialization
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Socialization
Nature and Nurture: Biological and Social Processes
How Socialization Works
The Looking-Glass Self: Charles Horton Cooley
The "I" and the "Me": George Herbert Mead
Family
Excerpt: George Herbert Mead, From Play and Games in the Genesis of Self (1934)
School
Mass Media
Peer Groups
Box: Rites of Passage
The Workplace
Resociaiization and Total Institutions
Box: Ponder
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Deviance and Social Control
The Relativity of Deviance (What We Already Know)
Nonsociological Theories of Deviance
Sociological Theories of Deviance: Emile Durkheim and Suicide
The Collective Conscience and Structural Strain
Egoism and Anomie
More Structural Strain: Robert Merton and Anomie
Anomie and Modern Social Structure
Responses to Anomie
Legitimate Versus Illegitimate Means
Learning to Be Deviant: Howard Becker's Study of Marijuana Use
Learning to Smoke
Learning to Perceive the Effects
Learning to Enjoy the Effects
The Societal Reaction Perspective: Labeling Theory
The Functions of Deviance: Maintenance of the Status Quo and Social Change
Box: Ponder
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Stratification and Inequality
Caste Systems
Estate Systems
Box: A Year in the Life of the Peasant
Class Systems
Theoretical Conceptions of Class
Box: Ponder
Some Words About Slavery
Social Mobility and Open Versus Closed Systems
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Inequality and Achievement: Social Class
Box: The Matthew Effect
Explaining Social Stratification
Cultural Explanations
Structural Explanations
Box: Beyond Academics
The Pygmalion Effect: The Power of Expectations
The Fallacy of Hard Work
Box: Ponder
Social Mobility, Social Structure, and Social Change
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Inequality and Ascription: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
Why a Dollar Is Not Always a Dollar
Prejudice
Discrimination
Discrimination and "Isms"
The Social Construction of Minority Groups
Gender
Box: Sex or Gender?
Chapter Review
Stop & Review: Answers and Discussion
Afterword
References
Glossary/Index
Credits
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