Prescott, Harley, Klein's Microbiology

ISBN-10: 0073302082
ISBN-13: 9780073302089
Edition: 7th 2008 (Revised)
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Description: The brand new author team of Prescott, Harley and Klein's Microbiology continues the tradition of past editions by providing a balanced, comprehensive introduction to all major areas of microbiology. Because of this balance, the Seventh Edition of  More...

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Book details

List price: $187.50
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 1/12/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 1088
Size: 9.00" wide x 11.00" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 6.732
Language: English

The brand new author team of Prescott, Harley and Klein's Microbiology continues the tradition of past editions by providing a balanced, comprehensive introduction to all major areas of microbiology. Because of this balance, the Seventh Edition of Microbiology is appropriate for microbiology majors and mixed majors courses. The new authors have focused on readability, artwork, and the integration of several key themes (including evolution, ecology and diversity) throughout the text, making an already superior text even better.

About the Authors
Preface
Introduction to Microbiology
The History and Scope of Microbiology
Members of the Microbial World
The Discovery of Microorganisms
The Conflict over Spontaneous Generation
The Golden Age of Microbiology
The Scientific Method
Koch's Molecular Postulates
The Development of Industrial Microbiology and Microbial Ecology
The Scope and Relevance of Microbiology
The Future of Microbiology
The Study of Microbial Structure: Microscopy and Specimen Preparation
Lenses and the Bending of Light
The Light Microscope
Preparation and Staining of Specimens
Electron Microscopy
Newer Techniques in Microscopy
Procaryotic Cell Structure and Function
An Overview of Procaryotic Cell Structure
Procaryotic Cell Membranes
Monstrous Microbes
The Cytoplasmic Matrix
Living Magnets
The Nucleoid
Plasmids
The Bacterial Cell Wall
Archaeal Cell Walls
Protein Secretion in Procaryotes
Components External to the Cell Wall
Chemotaxis
The Bacterial Endospore
Eucaryotic Cell Structure and Function
An Overview of Eucaryotic Cell Structure
The Plasma Membrane and Membrane Structure
The Cytoplasmic Matrix, Microfilaments, Intermediate Filaments, and Microtubules
Getting Around
Organelles of the Biosynthetic-Secretory and Endocytic Pathways
Eucaryotic Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
The Origin of the Eucaryotic Cell
The Nucleus and Cell Division
External Cell Coverings
Cilia and Flagella
Comparison of Procaryotic and Eucaryotic Cells
Microbial Nutrition, Growth, and Control
Microbial Nutrition
The Common Nutrient Requirements
Requirements for Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Electrons
Nutritional Types of Microorganisms
Requirements for Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur
Growth Factors
Uptake of Nutrients by the Cell
Culture Media
The Discovery of Agar as a Solidifying Agent and the Isolation of Pure Cultures
Isolation of Pure Cultures
The Enrichment and isolation of Pure Cultures
Microbial Growth
The Procaryotic Cell Cycle
The Growth Curve
Measurement of Microbial Growth
The Continuous Culture of Microorganisms
The Influence of Environmental Factors on Growth
Life Above 100[degree]C
Microbial Growth in Natural Environments
Control of Microorganisms by Physical and Chemical Agents
Definitions of Frequently Used Terms
Safety in the Microbiology Laboratory
The Pattern of Microbial Death
Conditions Influencing the Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Agents
The Use of Physical Methods in Control
The Use of Chemical Agents in Control
Universal Precautions for Microbiology Laboratories
Evaluation of Antimicrobial Agent Effectiveness
Microbial Metabolism
Metabolism: Energy, Enzymes, and Regulation
An Overview of Metabolism
Energy and Work
The Laws of Thermodynamics
Free Energy and Reactions
The Role of ATP in Metabolism
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions, Electron Carriers, and Electron Transport Systems
Enzymes
The Nature and Significance of Metabolic Regulation
Metabolic Channeling
Control of Enzyme Activity
Metabolism: Energy Release and Conservation
Chemoorganotrophic Fueling Processes
Aerobic Respiration
The Breakdown of Glucose to Pyruvate
The Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle
Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation
Anaerobic Respiration
Fermentations
Microbiology and World War I
Catabolism of Carbohydrates and Intracellular Reserve Polymers
Lipid Catabolism
Protein and Amino Acid Catabolism
Chemolithotrophy
Phototrophy
Acid Mine Drainage
Metabolism: The Use of Energy in Biosynthesis
Principles Governing Biosynthesis
The Precursor Metabolites
The Fixation of CO[subscript 2] by Autotrophs
Synthesis of Sugars and Polysaccharides
Synthesis of Amino Acids
Synthesis of Purines, Pyrimidines, and Nucleotides
Lipid Synthesis
Microbial Molecular Biology and Genetics
Microbial Genetics: Gene Structure, Replication, and Expression
The Elucidation of DNA Structure
DNA as Genetic Material
The Flow of Genetic Information
Nucleic Acid Structure
DNA Replication
Gene Structure
Transcription
Catalytic RNA (Ribozymes)
The Genetic Code
Translation
Microbial Genetics: Regulation of Gene Expression
Levels of Regulation of Gene Expression
Regulation of Transcription Initiation
The Discovery of Gene Regulation
Regulation of Transcription Elongation
Regulation at the Level of Translation
Global Regulatory Systems
Regulation of Gene Expression in Eucarya and Archaea
Microbial Genetics: Mechanisms of Genetic Variation
Mutations and Their Chemical Basis
Detection and Isolation of Mutants
DNA Repair
Creating Genetic Variability
Transposable Elements
Bacterial Plasmids
Bacterial Conjugation
DNA Transformation
Transduction
Mapping the Genome
Recombination and Genome Mapping in Viruses
DNA Technology and Genomics
Recombinant DNA Technology
Historical Perspectives
Synthetic DNA
The Polymerase Chain Reaction
Gel Electrophoresis
Cloning Vectors and Creating Recombinant DNA
Construction of Genomic Libraries
Inserting Recombinant DNA into Host Cells
Expressing Foreign Genes in Host Cells
Visualizing Proteins with Green Fluorescence
Applications of Genetic Engineering
Plant Tumors and Nature's Genetic Engineer
Social Impact of Recombinant DNA Technology
Microbial Genomics
Introduction
Determining DNA Sequences
Whole-Genome Shotgun Sequencing
Bioinformatics
Functional Genomics
Comparative Genomics
Proteomics
Insights from Microbial Genomes
Environmental Genomics
The Viruses
The Viruses: Introduction and General Characteristics
Early Development of Virology
Disease and the Early Colonization of America
General Properties of Viruses
The Structure of Viruses
Virus Reproduction
The Cultivation of Viruses
Virus Purification and Assays
Principles of Virus Taxonomy
The Origin of Viruses
The Viruses: Viruses of Bacteria and Archaea
Classification of Bacterial and Archaeal Viruses
Virulent Double-Stranded DNA Phages
Host-Independent Growth of an Archaeal Virus
Single-Stranded DNA Phages
RNA Phages
Temperate Bacteriophages and Lysogeny
Bacteriophage Genomes
The Viruses: Eucaryotic Viruses and Other Acellular Infectious Agents
Taxonomy of Eucaryotic Viruses
Reproduction of Vertebrate Viruses
SARS: Evolution of a Virus
Constructing a Virus
Cytocidal Infections and Cell Damage
Persistent, Latent, and Slow Virus Infections
Viruses and Cancer
Plant Viruses
Viruses of Fungi and Protists
Insect Viruses
Viroids and Virusoids
Prions
The Diversity ofthe Microbial World
Microbial Evolution, Taxonomy, and Diversity
Microbial Evolution
Introduction to Microbial Classification and Taxonomy
Taxonomic Ranks
Techniques for Determining Microbial Taxonomy and Phylogeny
Assessing Microbial Phylogeny
The Major Divisions of Life
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology
"Official" Nomenclature Lists-A Letter from Bergey's
A Survey of Procaryotic Phylogeny and Diversity
The Archaea
Introduction to the Archaea
Phylum Crenarchaeota
Phylum Euryarchaeota
Archaeal Phylogeny: More Than Just the Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota?
Methanotrophic Archaea
Bacteria: The Deinococci and Nonproteobacteria Gram Negatives
Aquificae and Thermotogae
Deinococcus-Thermus
Photosynthetic Bacteria
The Mechanism of Gliding Motility
Phylum Planctomycetes
Phylum Chlamydiae
Phylum Spirochaetes
Phylum Bacteroidetes
Bacteria: The Proteobacteria
Class Alphaproteobacteria
Class Betaproteobacteria
Class Gammaproteobacteria
Bacterial Bioluminescence
Class Deltaproteobacteria
Class Epsilonproteobacteria
Bacteria: The Low G + C Gram Positives
General Introduction
Class Mollicutes (The Mycoplasmas)
Peptidoglycan and Endospore Structure
Spores in Space
Class Clostridia
Class Bacilli
Bacteria: The High G + C Gram Positives
General Properties of the Actinomycetes
Suborder Actinomycineae
Suborder Micrococcineae
Suborder Corynebacterineae
Suborder Micromonosporineae
Suborder Propionibacterineae
Suborder Streptomycineae
Suborder Streptosporangineae
Suborder Frankineae
Order Bifidobacteriales
The Protists
Distribution
Nutrition
Morphology
Encystment and Excystment
Reproduction
Protist Classification
Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)
Practical Importance of Diatoms
The Fungi (Eumycota)
Distribution
Importance
Structure
Nutrition and Metabolism
Reproduction
Characteristics of the Fungal Divisions
Ecology and Symbiosis
Biogeochemical Cycling and Introductory Microbial Ecology
Foundations in Microbial Diversity and Ecology
Microbial Ecology Versus Environmental Microbiology
Biogeochemical Cycling
The Physical Environment
Microbial Ecology and Its Methods: An Overview
Thermophilic Microorganisms and Modern Biotechnology
Microorganisms in Marine and Freshwater Environments
Marine and Freshwater Environments
New Agents in Medicine-The Sea as the New Frontier
Microbial Adaptations to Marine and Freshwater Environments
Microorganisms in Marine Environments
Microorganisms in Freshwater Environments
Microorganisms in Terrestrial Environments
Soils as an Environment for Microorganisms
Soils, Plants, and Nutrients
An Unintended Global-Scale Nitrogen Experiment
Microorganisms in the Soil Environment
Microorganisms and the Formation of Different Soils
Microorganism Associations with Vascular Plants
Mycorrhizae and the Evolution of Vascular Plants
Soil Microorganisms and the Atmosphere
Soils, Termites, Intestinal Microbes, and Atmospheric Methane
Keeping Inside Air Fresh with Soil Microorganisms
The Subsurface Biosphere
Soil Microorganisms and Human Health
Microbial Interactions
Microbial Interactions
Wolbachia pipientis: The World's Most Infectious Microbe? 720
Coevolution of Animals and Their Gut Microbial Communities
Human-Microbe Interactions
Normal Microbiota of the Human Body
Probiotics for Humans and Animals
Nonspecific (Innate) Resistance and the Immune Response
Nonspecific (Innate) Host Resistance
Overview of Host Resistance
Cells, Tissues, and Organs of the Immune System
Phagocytosis
Inflammation
Physical Barriers in Nonspecific (Innate) Resistance
Chemical Mediators in Nonspecific (Innate) Resistance
Specific (Adaptive) Immunity
Overview of Specific (Adaptive) Immunity
Antigens
Types of Specific (Adaptive) Immunity
Recognition of Foreignness
Donor Selection for Tissue or Organ Transplants
T Cell Biology
B Cell Biology
Antibodies
Action of Antibodies
Monoclonal Antibody Technology
Summary: The Role of Antibodies and Lymphocytes in Immune Defense
Acquired Immune Tolerance
Immune Disorders
Microbial Diseases and Their Control
Pathogenicity of Microorganisms
Host-Parasite Relationships
Pathogenesis of Viral Diseases
Overview of Bacterial Pathogenesis
Toxigenicity
Detection and Removal of Endotoxins
Host Defense Against Microbial Invasion
Microbial Mechanisms for Escaping Host Defenses
Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
The Development of Chemotherapy
The Use of Antibiotics in Microbiological Research
General Characteristics of Antimicrobial Drugs
Determining the Level of Antimicrobial Activity
Antibacterial Drugs
Factors Influencing Antimicrobial Drug Effectiveness
Drug Resistance
Antibiotic Misuse and Drug Resistance
Antifungal Drugs
Antiviral Drugs
Antiprotozoan Drugs
Clinical Microbiology and Immunology
Specimens
Standard Microbial Practices
Identification of Microorganisms from Specimens
Biosensors: The Future Is Now
Clinical Immunology
History and Importance of Serotyping
Susceptibility Testing
Computers in Clinical Microbiology
The Epidemiology of Infectious Disease
Epidemiological Terminology
John Snow-The First Epidemiologist
Measuring Frequency: The Epidemiologist's Tools
Recognition of an Infectious Disease in a Population
"Typhoid Mary"
Recognition of an Epidemic
The Infectious Disease Cycle: Story of a Disease
The First Indications of Person-to-Person Spread of an Infectious Disease
Virulence and the Mode of Transmission
Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases and Pathogens
Control of Epidemics
The First Immunizations
Bioterrorism Preparedness
1346-The First Recorded Biological Warfare Attack
Global Travel and Health Considerations
Nosocomial Infections
Human Diseases Caused by Viruses and Prions
Airborne Diseases
Reye's and Guillain-Barre Syndromes
Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers-A Microbial History Lesson
Direct Contact Diseases
Food-Borne and Waterborne Diseases
A Brief History of Polio
Zoonotic Diseases
Prion Diseases
Human Diseases Caused by Bacteria
Airborne Diseases
Arthropod-Borne Diseases
The Hazards of Microbiological Research
Direct Contact Diseases
Biofilms
Antibiotic-Resistant Staphylococci
A Brief History of Syphilis
Food-Borne and Waterborne Diseases
Clostridial Toxins as Therapeutic Agents-Benefits of Nature's Most Toxic Proteins
Sepsis and Septic Shock
Zoonotic Diseases
Dental Infections
Human Diseases Caused by Fungi and Protists
Pathogenic Fungi and Protists
Airborne Diseases
Arthropod-Borne Diseases
A Brief History of Malaria
Direct Contact Diseases
Food-Borne and Waterborne Diseases
Opportunistic Diseases
The Emergence of Candidiasis
Food and Industrial Microbiology
Microbiology of Food
Microorganism Growth in Foods
Microbial Growth and Food Spoilage
Controlling Food Spoilage
An Army Travels on Its Stomach
Food-Borne Diseases
Typhoid Fever and Canned Meat
Detection of Food-Borne Pathogens
Microbiology of Fermented Foods
Chocolate: The Sweet Side of Fermentation
Starter Cultures, Bacteriophage Infections, and Plasmids
Microorganisms as Foods and Food Amendments
Applied and Industrial Microbiology
Water Purification and Sanitary Analysis
Waterborne Diseases, Water Supplies, and Slow Sand Filtration
Wastewater Treatment
Microorganisms Used in Industrial Microbiology
The Potential of Thermophilic Archaea in Biotechnology
Microorganism Growth in Controlled Environments
Major Products of Industrial Microbiology
Biodegradation and Bioremediation by Natural Communities
Methanogens-A New Role for a Unique Microbial Group
Bioaugmentation
A Fungus with a Voracious Appetite
Microbes As Products
Streptavidin-Biotin Binding and Biotechnology
Impacts of Microbial Biotechnology
A Review of the Chemistry of Biological Molecules
Common Metabolic Pathways
Glossary
Credits
Index

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