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Design of Machinery An Introduction to the Synthesis and Analysis of Mechanisms and Machines

ISBN-10: 0072470461
ISBN-13: 9780072470468
Edition: 3rd 2004
Authors: Robert L. Norton
List price: $160.00
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Description: Design of Machinery continues the tradition of this best-selling book through its balanced coverage of analysis and design, and outstanding use of realistic engineering examples. Through its reader-friendly style of writing, clear exposition of  More...

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Book details

List price: $160.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 5/2/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 880
Size: 7.80" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.740
Language: English

Design of Machinery continues the tradition of this best-selling book through its balanced coverage of analysis and design, and outstanding use of realistic engineering examples. Through its reader-friendly style of writing, clear exposition of complex topics, and emphasis on synthesis and design, the text succeeds in conveying the art of design as well as the use of modern tools needed for analysis of the kinematics and dynamics of machinery. Numerous two-color illustrations are used throughout to provide a visual approach to understanding mechanisms and machines. Analytical synthesis of linkages is covered, and cam design is given a more thorough, practical treatment than found in other texts. To provide an integrated look at the use of software tools for analysis and design, Design of Machinery includes a CD-ROM with a fully functioning version of MSC. Working Model 2D v. 5.2, and over 100 Working Model simulations for readers to work with. The CD-ROM also includes the author's updated, user-friendly programs; FOURBAR, FIVEBAR, SIXBAR, SLIDER, DYNACAM, ENGINE and MATRIX. The book's website offers instructor and student resources, a collection of MATLAB simulations, and 100 interactive Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam questions on machine design, kinematics and machine dynamics. Book jacket.

Preface to the Third Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Kinematics of Mechanisms
Introduction
Purpose
Kinematics and Kinetics
Mechanisms and Machines
A Brief History of Kinematics
Applications of Kinematics
The Design Process
Design, Invention, Creativity
Identification of Need
Background Research
Goal Statement
Performance Specifications
Ideation and Invention
Analysis
Selection
Detailed Design
Prototyping and Testing
Production
Other Approaches to Design
Axiomatic Design
Multiple Solutions
Human Factors Engineering
The Engineering Report
Units
What's to Come
References
Bibliography
Kinematics Fundamentals
Introduction
Degrees of Freedom (DOF) or Mobility
Types of Motion
Links, Joints, and Kinematic Chains
Determining Degree of Freedom or Mobility
Degree of Freedom (Mobility) in Planar Mechanisms
Degree of Freedom (Mobility) in Spatial Mechanisms
Mechanisms and Structures
Number Synthesis
Paradoxes
Isomers
Linkage Transformation
Intermittent Motion
Inversion
The Grashof Condition
Classification of the Fourbar Linkage
Linkages of More Than Four Bars
Geared Fivebar Linkages
Sixbar Linkages
Grashof-Type Rotatability Criteria for Higher-Order Linkages
Springs as Links
Compliant Mechanisms
Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)
Practical Considerations
Pin Joints versus Sliders and Half Joints
Cantilever or Straddle Mount?
Short Links
Bearing Ratio
Commercial Slides
Linkages versus Cams
Motors and Drivers
Electric Motors
Air and Hydraulic Motors
Air and Hydraulic Cylinders
Solenoids
References
Problems
Graphical Linkage Synthesis
Introduction
Synthesis
Function, Path, and Motion Generation
Limiting Conditions
Dimensional Synthesis
Two-Position Synthesis
Three-Position Synthesis with Specified Moving Pivots
Three-Position Synthesis with Alternate Moving Pivots
Three-Position Synthesis with Specified Fixed Pivots
Position Synthesis for More Than Three Positions
Quick-Return Mechanisms
Fourbar Quick-Return
Sixbar Quick-Return
Coupler Curves
Cognates
Parallel Motion
Geared Fivebar Cognates of the Fourbar
Straight-Line Mechanisms
Designing Optimum Straight-Line Fourbar Linkages
Dwell Mechanisms
Single-Dwell Linkages
Double-Dwell Linkages
Other Useful Linkages
Constant Velocity Piston Motion
Large Angular Excursion Rocker Motion
Remote Center Circular Motion
References
Bibliography
Problems
Projects
Position Analysis
Introduction
Coordinate systems
Position and Displacement
Position
Coordinate Transformation
Displacement
Translation, Rotation, and Complex Motion
Translation
Rotation
Complex Motion
Theorems
Graphical Position Analysis of Linkages
Algebraic Position Analysis of Linkages
Vector Loop Representation of Linkages
Complex Numbers as Vectors
The Vector Loop Equation for a Fourbar Linkage
The Fourbar Slider-Crank Position Solution
An Inverted Slider-Crank Position Solution
Linkages of More Than Four Bars
The Geared Fivebar Linkage
Sixbar Linkages
Position of any Point on a Linkage
Transmission Angles
Extreme Values of the Transmission Angle
Toggle Positions
Circuits and Branches in Linkages
Newton-Raphson Solution Method
One-Dimensional Root-Finding (Newton's Method)
Multidimensional Root-Finding (Newton-Raphson Method)
Newton-Raphson Solution for the Fourbar Linkage
Equation Solvers
References
Problems
Analytical Linkage Synthesis
Introduction
Types of Kinematic Synthesis
Precision Points
Two-Position Motion Generation by Analytical Synthesis
Comparison of Analytical and Graphical Two-Position Synthesis
Simultaneous Equation Solution
Three-Position Motion Generation by Analytical Synthesis
Comparison of Analytical and Graphical Three-Position Synthesis
Synthesis for a Specified Fixed Pivot Location*
Center-Point and Circle-Point Circles
Four- and Five-Position Analytical Synthesis
Analytical Synthesis of a Path Generator with Prescribed Timing
Analytical Synthesis of a Fourbar Function Generator
Other Linkage Synthesis Methods
Precision Point Methods
Coupler Curve Equation Methods
Optimization Methods
References
Problems
Velocity Analysis
Introduction
Definition of Velocity
Graphical Velocity Analysis
Instant Centers of Velocity
Velocity Analysis with Instant Centers
Angular Velocity Ratio
Mechanical Advantage
Using Instant Centers in Linkage Design
Centrodes
A "Linkless" Linkage
Cusps
Velocity of Slip
Analytical Solutions for Velocity Analysis
The Fourbar Pin-Jointed Linkage
The Fourbar Slider-Crank
The Fourbar Inverted Slider-Crank
Velocity Analysis of the Geared Fivebar Linkage
Velocity of any Point on a Linkage
References
Problems
Acceleration Analysis
Introduction
Definition of Acceleration
Graphical Acceleration Analysis
Analytical Solutions for Acceleration Analysis
The Fourbar Pin-Jointed Linkage
The Fourbar Slider-Crank
Coriolis Acceleration
The Fourbar Inverted Slider-Crank
Acceleration Analysis of the Geared Fivebar Linkage
Acceleration of any Point on a Linkage
Human Tolerance of Acceleration
Jerk
Linkages of n Bars
References
Problems
Cam Design
Introduction
Cam Terminology
Type of Follower Motion
Type of Joint Closure
Type of Follower
Type of Cam
Type of Motion Constraints
Type of Motion Program
S V A J Diagrams
Double-Dwell Cam Design--Choosing S V A J Functions
The Fundamental Law of Cam Design
Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)
Cycloidal Displacement
Combined Functions
The SCCA Family of Double-Dwell Functions
Polynomial Functions
Double-Dwell Applications of Polynomials
Single-Dwell Cam Design--Choosing S V A J Functions
Single-Dwell Applications of Polynomials
Effect of Asymmetry on the Rise-Fall Polynomial Solution
Critical Path Motion (CPM)
Polynomials Used for Critical Path Motion
Sizing the Cam--Pressure Angle and Radius of Curvature
Pressure Angle--Translating Roller Followers
Choosing a Prime Circle Radius
Overturning Moment--Translating Flat-Faced Follower
Radius of Curvature--Translating Roller Follower
Radius of Curvature--Translating Flat-Faced Follower
Cam Manufacturing Considerations
Machining a Cam
Actual Cam Performance Compared to Theoretical Performance
Practical Design Considerations
Translating or Oscillating Follower?
Force or Form-Closed?
Radial or Axial Cam?
Roller or Flat-Faced Follower?
To Dwell or Not to Dwell?
To Grind or Not to Grind?
To Lubricate or Not to Lubricate?
References
Problems
Projects
Gear Trains
Introduction
Rolling Cylinders
The Fundamental Law of Gearing
The Involute Tooth Form
Pressure Angle
Changing Center Distance
Backlash
Gear Tooth Nomenclature
Interference and Undercutting
Unequal-Addendum Tooth Forms
Contact Ratio
Gear Types
Spur, Helical, and Herringbone Gears
Worms and Worm Gears
Rack and Pinion
Bevel and Hypoid Gears
Noncircular Gears
Belt and Chain Drives
Simple Gear Trains
Compound Gear Trains
Design of Compound Trains
Design of Reverted Compound Trains
An Algorithm for the Design of Compound Gear Trains
Epicyclic or Planetary Gear Trains
The Tabular Method
The Formula Method
Efficiency of Gear Trains
Transmissions
Differentials
References
Bibliography
Problems
Dynamics of Machinery
Dynamics Fundamentals
Introduction
Newton's Laws of Motion
Dynamic Models
Mass
Mass Moment and Center of Gravity
Mass Moment of Inertia (Second Moment of Mass)
Parallel Axis Theorem (Transfer Theorem)
Determining Mass Moment of Inertia
Analytical Methods
Experimental Methods
Radius of Gyration
Modeling Rotating Links
Center of Percussion
Lumped Parameter Dynamic Models
Spring Constant
Damping
Equivalent Systems
Combining Dampers
Combining Springs
Combining Masses
Lever and Gear Ratios
Solution Methods
The Principle of d'Alembert
Energy Methods--Virtual Work
References
Problems
Dynamic Force Analysis
Introduction
Newtonian Solution Method
Single Link in Pure Rotation
Force Analysis of A Threebar Crank-Slide Linkage
Force Analysis of a Fourbar Linkage
Force Analysis of a Fourbar Slider-Crank Linkage
Force Analysis of the Inverted Slider-Crank
Force Analysis--Linkages with More Than Four Bars
Shaking Forces and Shaking Torque
Program Fourbar
Linkage Force Analysis by Energy Methods
Controlling Input Torque--Flywheels
A Linkage Force Transmission Index
Practical Considerations
References
Problems
Projects
Balancing
Introduction
Static Balance
Dynamic Balance
Balancing Linkages
Complete Force Balance of Linkages
Effect of Balancing on Shaking and Pin Forces
Effect of Balancing on Input Torque
Balancing the Shaking Moment in Linkages
Measuring and Correcting Imbalance
References
Problems
Engine Dynamics
Introduction
Engine Design
Slider-Crank Kinematics
Gas Force and Gas Torque
Equivalent Masses
Inertia and Shaking Forces
Inertia and Shaking Torques
Total Engine Torque
Flywheels
Pin Forces in the Single-Cylinder Engine
Balancing the Single-Cylinder Engine
Effect of Crankshaft Balancing on Pin Forces
Design Trade-offs and Ratios
Conrod/Crank Ratio
Bore/Stroke Ratio
Materials
Bibliography
Problems
Projects
Multicylinder Engines
Introduction
Multicylinder Engine Designs
The Crank Phase Diagram
Shaking Forces in Inline Engines
Inertia Torque in Inline Engines
Shaking Moment in Inline Engines
Even Firing
Two-Stroke Cycle Engine
Four-Stroke Cycle Engine
Vee Engine Configurations
Opposed Engine Configurations
Balancing Multicylinder Engines
Secondary Balance in the Four-Cylinder Inline Engine
A Perfectly Balanced Two-Cylinder Engine
References
Bibliography
Problems
Projects
Cam Dynamics
Introduction
Dynamic Force Analysis of the Force-Closed Cam-Follower
Undamped Response
Damped Response
Resonance
Kinetostatic Force Analysis of the Force-closed Cam-Follower
Kinetostatic Force Analysis of the Form-Closed Cam-Follower
Kinetostatic Camshaft Torque
Measuring Dynamic Forces and Accelerations
Practical Considerations
References
Bibliography
Problems
Engineering Design
Introduction
A Design Case Study
Computer Programs
Introduction
General information
General Program Operation
Program Fourbar
Program Fivebar
Program Sixbar
Program Slider
Program Dynacam
Program Engine
Program Matrix
Material Properties
Geometric Properties
Spring Data
Atlas of Geared Fivebar Linkage Coupler Curves
Answers to Selected Problems
Index
CD-ROM Catalog

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