Taking Sides Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in American History

ISBN-10: 007243080X

ISBN-13: 9780072430806

Edition: 9th 2001 (Revised)

List price: $26.25
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Description:

A debate-style reader that is an introduction to the controversies of American history. The issues covered include: did the women's movement die in the 1920s? was the New Deal an effective answer to the Great Depression? and did President Reagan win the Cold War?
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Book details

List price: $26.25
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 12/22/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 412
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

PART 1. The Industrial Revolution: How It Changed Farms, Families, Cities, and the Workplace ISSUE 1. Was John D. Rockefeller a "Robber Baron"? YES: Matthew Josephson, from The Robber Barons: The Great American Capitalists, 1861-1901 NO: Ralph W. Hidy and Muriel E. Hidy, from History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), vol. 1: Pioneering in Big Business, 1882-1911 Historian Matthew Josephson depicts John D. Rockefeller as an unconscionable manipulator who employed deception, bribery, and outright conspiracy to eliminate his competitors for control of the oil industry in the United States. Business historians Ralph W. Hidy and Muriel E. Hidy argue that Rockefeller and his associates were innovative representatives of corporate capitalism who brought stability to the often chaotic petroleum industry. ISSUE 2. Did Nineteenth-Century Women of the West Fail to Overcome the Hardships of Living on the Great Plains? YES: Christine Stansell, from "Women on the Great Plains 1865-1890", Women''s Studies NO: Glenda Riley, from A Place to Grow: Women in the American West Professor of history Christine Stansell contends that women on the Great Plains were separated from friends and relatives and consequently endured lonely lives and loveless marriages. Professor of history Glenda Riley argues that women on the Great Plains created rich and varied social lives through the development of strong support networks. ISSUE 3. Did the Industrial Revolution Disrupt the American Family? YES: Elaine Tyler May, from "The Pressure to Provide: Class, Consumerism, and Divorce in Urban America, 1880-1920", Journal of Social History NO: Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, Robert Korstad, and James Leloudis, from "Cotton Mill People: Work, Community, and Protest in the Textile South, 1880-1940", The American Historical Review Elaine Tyler May, a professor of American studies and history, argues that the Industrial Revolution in the United States, with its improved technology, increasing income, and emerging consumerism, led to higher rates of divorce because family wage earners failed to meet rising expectations for material accumulation. History professors Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, Robert Korstad, and James Leloudis contend that the cotton mill villages of the New South, rather than destroying family work patterns, fostered a labor system that permitted parents and children to work together as a traditional family unit. ISSUE 4. Were American Workers in the Gilded Age Conservative Capitalists? YES: Carl N. Degler, from Out of Our Past: The Forces That Shaped Modern America, 3rd ed. NO: Herbert G. Gutman, from Work, Culture, and Society in Industrializing America: Essays in American Working-Class and Social History Professor of history Carl N. Degler maintains that the American labor movement accepted capitalism and reacted conservatively to the radical organizational changes brought about in the economic system by big business. Professor of history Herbert G. Gutman argues that from 1843 to 1893, American factory workers attempted to humanize the system through the maintenance of their traditional, artisan, preindustrial work habits. ISSUE 5. Was City Government in Late-Nineteenth-Century America a "Conspicuous Failure"? YES: Ernest S. Griffith, from A History of American City Government: The Conspicuous Failure, 1870-1900 NO: Jon C. Teaford, from The Unheralded Triumph: City Government in America, 1860-1900 Professor of political science and political economy Ernest S. Griffith (1896-1981) argues that the city governments that were controlled by the political bosses represented a betrayal of the public trust. Professor of history Jon C. Teaford argues that municipal governments in the late nineteenth century achieved remarkable success in dealing with the challenges presented by rapid urbanization. PART 2. The Response to Industrialism: War, Depressions, and Reforms, 1898-1945 ISSUE 6. Did Yellow Journalism Cause the Spanish-American War? YES: W. A. Swanberg, from Citizen Hearst: A Biography of William Randolph Hearst NO: David Nasaw, from The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst Journalist W. A. Swanberg argues that newspaper mogul William Randolph Hearst used the sensational and exploitative stories in his widely circulated New York Journal to stir up public opinion and to force President William McKinley to wage a war against Spain to free Cuba. Historian David Nasaw maintains that even if Hearst had not gone into publishing, the United States would have entered the war for political, economic, and security reasons. ISSUE 7. Did Racial Segregation Improve the Status of African Americans? YES: Howard N. Rabinowitz, from "From Exclusion to Segregation: Southern Race Relations, 1865-1890", The Journal of American History NO: Leon F. Litwack, from Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow Professor of history Howard N. Rabinowitz suggests that racial segregation represented an improvement in the lives of African Americans in that it provided access to a variety of public services and accommodations from which they otherwise would have been excluded in the late-nineteenth-century South. Professor of American history Leon F. Litwack argues that "the age of Jim Crow", wherein efforts by whites to deny African Americans equal protection of the laws or the privileges and immunities guaranteed other citizens seemingly knew no bounds, created a highly repressive environment for blacks. ISSUE 8. Did the Progressives Fail? YES: Richard M. Abrams, from "The Failure of Progressivism", in Richard Abrams and Lawrence Levine, eds., The Shaping of the Twentieth Century, 2d ed. NO: Arthur S. Link and Richard L. McCormick, from Progressivism Professor of history Richard M. Abrams maintains that progressivism was a failure because it never seriously confronted the inequalities that still exist in American society. Professors of history Arthur S. Link and Richard L. McCormick argue that the Progressives were a diverse group of reformers who confronted and ameliorated the worst abuses that emerged in urban industrial America during the early 1900s. ISSUE 9. Did the Women''s Movement Die in the 1920s? YES: William L. O''Neill, from Everyone Was Brave: A History of Feminism in America NO: Anne Firor Scott, from The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830-1930 Professor of history William L. O''Neill contends that the women''s movement died following the success of the suffrage campaign because women were not united in support of many of the other issues that affected them and because the increasingly militant feminism of the Woman''s Party alienated many supporters of women''s rights. Anne Firor Scott, a professor emeritus of history, maintains that the suffrage victory produced a heightened interest in further social and political reform, which inspired southern women to pursue their goals throughout the 1920s. ISSUE 10. Was the New Deal an Effective Answer to the Great Depression? YES: Roger Biles, from A New Deal for the American People NO: Gary Dean Best, from Pride, Prejudice, and Politics: Roosevelt Versus Recovery, 1933-1938 Professor of history Roger Biles contends that, in spite of its minimal reforms, the New Deal created a limited welfare state that implemented
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