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Practical Electronics for Inventors

ISBN-10: 0070580782
ISBN-13: 9780070580787
Edition: 2000
Authors: Paul Scherz
List price: $39.95
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Description: Illustrated throughout, this is an imaginative guide to introductory electronics, with a 'what is it' and 'what is it used for' perspective.

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Book details

List price: $39.95
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date: 4/15/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 528
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.750
Language: English

Illustrated throughout, this is an imaginative guide to introductory electronics, with a 'what is it' and 'what is it used for' perspective.

Preface
Introduction to Electronicsp. 1
Theoryp. 5
Currentp. 5
Voltagep. 7
Resistancep. 8
DC Power Sourcesp. 9
Two Simple Battery Sourcesp. 10
Electric Circuitsp. 10
Ohm's Lawp. 11
Circuit Reductionp. 11
Kirchhoff's Lawsp. 14
Thevenin's Theoremp. 17
Sinusoidal Power Sourcesp. 20
Root Mean Square (rms) Voltagesp. 20
Capacitorsp. 21
Reactance of a Capacitorp. 23
Inductorsp. 24
Reactance of an Inductorp. 26
Fundamental Potentials and Circuitsp. 26
DC Sources and RC/RL/RLC Circuitsp. 28
Complex Numbersp. 30
Circuits with Sinusoidal Sourcesp. 33
Analyzing Sinusoidal Circuits with Complex Impedancesp. 34
Impedances in Series and the Voltage Dividerp. 38
Impedances in Parallel and the Current Dividerp. 39
Applying Kirchhoff's Laws in AC Formp. 39
Thevenin's Theorem in AC Formp. 43
Power in AC Circuitsp. 44
Decibelsp. 45
Resonance in LC Circuitsp. 46
Resonance in RLC Circuitsp. 47
Filtersp. 48
Circuits with Periodic Nonsinusoidal Sourcesp. 53
Circuits with Nonperiodic Sourcesp. 55
Nonlinear Circuits and Analyzing Circuits by Intuitionp. 55
Basic Electronic Circuit Componentsp. 59
Wires, Cables, and Connectorsp. 59
Wiresp. 59
Cablesp. 61
Connectorsp. 63
Wiring and Connector Symbolsp. 66
High-Frequency Effects within Wires and Cablesp. 66
Batteriesp. 76
How a Cell Worksp. 77
Primary Batteriesp. 79
Comparing Primary Batteriesp. 80
Secondary Batteriesp. 81
Battery Capacityp. 83
Note on Internal Voltage Drop of a Batteryp. 83
Switchesp. 84
How a Switch Worksp. 84
Describing a Switchp. 85
Kinds of Switchesp. 86
Simple Switch Applicationsp. 88
Relaysp. 89
Specific Kinds of Relaysp. 91
A Few Notes about Relaysp. 92
Some Simple Relay Circuitsp. 93
Resistorsp. 93
How a Resistor Worksp. 94
Basic Resistor Operationp. 95
Types of Fixed Resistorsp. 96
Understanding Resistor Labelsp. 97
Power Ratings for Resistorsp. 98
Variable Resistorsp. 98
Capacitorsp. 99
How a Capacitor Worksp. 100
A Note about I = CdV/dtp. 101
Water Analogy of a Capacitorp. 101
Basic Capacitor Functionsp. 102
Kinds of Capacitorsp. 103
Variable Capacitorsp. 105
Reading Capacitor Labelsp. 105
Important Things to Know about Capacitorsp. 105
Applicationsp. 106
Inductorsp. 108
How an Inductor Worksp. 108
Basic Inductor Operationp. 110
Kinds of Coilsp. 111
Transformersp. 112
Basic Operationp. 115
Special Kinds of Transformersp. 116
Applicationsp. 117
Real Kinds of Transformersp. 118
Fuses and Circuit Breakersp. 119
Types of Fuses and Circuit Breakersp. 120
Semiconductorsp. 123
Semiconductor Technologyp. 123
What Is a Semiconductor?p. 123
Applications of Siliconp. 128
Diodesp. 129
How a pn-Junction Diode Worksp. 129
Diode Water Analogyp. 131
Basic Applicationsp. 131
Important Things to Know about Diodesp. 135
Zener Diodesp. 136
Zener Diode Water Analogyp. 136
Basic Applications for Zener Diodesp. 136
Transistorsp. 138
Introduction to Transistorsp. 138
Bipolar Transistorsp. 140
Junction Field-Effect Transistorsp. 158
Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistorsp. 168
Unijunction Transistorsp. 177
Thyristorsp. 181
Introductionp. 181
Silicon-Controlled Rectifiersp. 182
Silicon-Controlled Switchesp. 185
Triacsp. 186
Four-Layer Diodes and Diacsp. 189
Optoelectronicsp. 191
A Little Lecture on Photonsp. 191
Lampsp. 193
Light-Emitting Diodesp. 196
How an LED Worksp. 196
Kinds of LEDsp. 197
Technical Stuff about LEDsp. 198
Basic LED Operationsp. 200
Photoresistorsp. 201
How a Photoresistor Worksp. 202
Technical Stuffp. 202
Applicationsp. 202
Photodiodesp. 203
How a Photodiode Worksp. 204
Basic Operationsp. 204
Kinds of Photodiodesp. 205
Solar Cellsp. 205
Basic Operationsp. 206
Phototransistorsp. 206
How a Phototransistor Worksp. 207
Basic Configurationsp. 208
Kinds of Phototransistorsp. 208
Technical Stuffp. 208
Applicationsp. 209
Photothyristorsp. 210
How LASCRs Workp. 210
Basic Operationp. 211
Optoisolatorsp. 211
Integrated Optoisolatorsp. 212
Applicationsp. 212
Integrated Circuitsp. 213
IC Packagesp. 214
Some Basic ICs to Get You Startedp. 216
Operational Amplifiersp. 219
Operational Amplifier Water Analogyp. 220
How Op Amps Work (The "Cop-Out" Explanation)p. 221
Theoryp. 222
Negative Feedbackp. 223
Positive Feedbackp. 228
Real Kinds of Op Ampsp. 229
Op Amp Specificationsp. 231
Powering Op Ampsp. 233
Some Practical Notesp. 234
Voltage and Current Offset Compensationp. 235
Frequency Compensationp. 236
Comparatorsp. 236
Comparators with Hysteresisp. 238
Inverting Comparator with Hysteresisp. 238
Noninverting Comparator with Hysteresisp. 239
Using Single-Supply Comparatorsp. 240
Window Comparatorp. 240
Voltage-Level Indicatorp. 241
Applicationsp. 241
Filtersp. 247
Things to Know before You Start Designing Filtersp. 248
Basic Filtersp. 249
Passive Low-Pass Filter Designp. 250
A Note on Filter Typesp. 254
Passive High-Pass Filter Designp. 254
Passive Bandpass Filter Designp. 256
Passive Notch Filter Designp. 258
Active Filter Designp. 259
Active Low-Pass Filter Examplep. 260
Active High-Pass Filter Examplep. 261
Active Bandpass Filtersp. 262
Active Notch Filtersp. 264
Integrated Filter Circuitsp. 265
Oscillators and Timersp. 267
RC Relaxation Oscillatorsp. 268
The 555 Timer ICp. 270
How a 555 Works (Astable Operation)p. 271
Basic Astable Operationp. 272
How a 555 Works (Monostable Operation)p. 273
Basic Monostable Operationp. 274
Some Important Notes about 555 Timersp. 274
Simple 555 Applicationsp. 275
Voltage-Controlled Oscillators (VCOs)p. 276
Wien-Bridge and Twin-T Oscillatorsp. 277
LC Oscillators (Sinusoidal Oscillators)p. 277
Crystal Oscillatorsp. 280
Voltage Regulators and Power Suppliesp. 283
Voltage-Regulator ICsp. 285
Fixed Regulator ICsp. 285
Adjustable Regulator ICsp. 285
Regulator Specificationsp. 286
A Quick Look at a Few Regulator Applicationsp. 286
The Transformerp. 286
Rectifier Packagesp. 286
A Few Simple Power Suppliesp. 287
Technical Points about Ripple Reductionp. 289
Loose Endsp. 291
Switching Regulator Supplies (Switchers)p. 292
Kinds of Commercial Power Supply Packagesp. 296
Power Supply Constructionp. 297
Audio Electronicsp. 299
A Little Lecture on Soundp. 299
Microphonesp. 301
Microphone Specificationsp. 302
Audio Amplifiersp. 303
Preamplifiersp. 304
Mixer Circuitsp. 305
A Note on Impedance Matchingp. 305
Speakersp. 306
Crossover Networksp. 307
Simple ICs Used to Drive Speakersp. 309
Audible-Signal Devicesp. 310
Miscellaneous Audio Circuitsp. 310
Digital Electronicsp. 313
The Basics of Digital Electronicsp. 313
Digital Logic Statesp. 313
Number Codes Used in Digital Electronicsp. 314
Clock Timing and Parallel versus Serial Transmissionp. 320
Logic Gatesp. 321
Multiple-Input Logic Gatesp. 322
Digital Logic Gate ICsp. 322
Applications for a Single Logic Gatep. 323
Combinational Logicp. 325
Keeping Circuits Simple (Karnaugh Maps)p. 332
Combinational Devicesp. 334
Multiplexers (Data Selectors) and Bilateral Switchesp. 334
Demultiplexers (Data Distributors) and Decodersp. 336
Encoders and Code Convertersp. 339
Binary Addersp. 342
Binary Adder/Subtractorp. 344
Arithmetic/Logic Units (ALUs)p. 344
Comparators and Magnitude Comparator ICsp. 345
Parity Generator/Checkerp. 346
A Note on Obsolescence and the Trend toward Microcontroller Controlp. 347
Logic Familiesp. 348
TTL Family of ICsp. 349
CMOS Family of ICsp. 351
Input/Output Voltages and Noise Marginsp. 351
Current Ratings, Fanout, and Propagation Delaysp. 352
A Detailed Look at the Various TTL and CMOS Subfamiliesp. 353
A Look at a Few Other Logic Seriesp. 356
Logic Gates with Open-Collector Outputsp. 357
Schmitt-Triggered Gatesp. 358
Interfacing Logic Familiesp. 359
Powering and Testing Logic ICs and General Rules of Thumbp. 360
Powering Logic ICsp. 360
Power Supply Decouplingp. 361
Unused Inputsp. 361
Logic Probes and Logic Pulsersp. 362
Sequential Logicp. 363
SR Flip-Flopsp. 363
SR Flip-Flop (Latch) ICsp. 368
D Flip-Flopsp. 369
A Few Simple D-Type Flip-Flop Applicationsp. 371
Quad and Octal D Flip-Flopsp. 372
JK Flip-Flopsp. 373
Applications for JK Flip-Flopsp. 375
Practical Timing Considerations with Flip-Flopsp. 378
Digital Clock Generator and Single-Pulse Generatorsp. 379
Automatic Power-Up Clear (Reset) Circuitsp. 382
More on Switch Debouncersp. 382
Pullup and Pulldown Resistorsp. 383
Counter ICsp. 384
Asynchronous Counter (Ripple Counter) ICsp. 384
Synchronous Counter ICsp. 387
A Note on Counters with Displaysp. 393
Shift Registersp. 394
Serial-In/Serial-Out Shifter Registersp. 395
Serial-In/Parallel-Out Shift Registersp. 395
Parallel-In/Serial-Out Shift Registerp. 396
Ring Counter (Shift Register Sequencer)p. 396
Johnson Shift Counterp. 397
Shift Register ICsp. 398
Simple Shift Register Applicationsp. 401
Three-State Buffers, Latches, and Transceiversp. 404
Three-State Octal Buffersp. 404
Three-State Octal Latches and Flip-Flopsp. 405
Transceiversp. 407
Additional Digital Topicsp. 407
DC Motors, RC Servos, and Stepper Motorsp. 409
DC Continuous Motorsp. 409
Speed Control of DC Motorsp. 410
Directional Control of DC Motorsp. 411
RC Servosp. 412
Stepper Motorsp. 414
Kinds of Stepper Motorsp. 415
Driving Stepper Motorsp. 417
Controlling the Driver with a Translatorp. 419
A Final Word on Identifying Stepper Motorsp. 421
Hands-on Electronicsp. 423
Safetyp. 423
Some Safety Tipsp. 424
Damaging Components with Electrostatic Dischargep. 425
Handling Precautionsp. 426
Constructing Circuitsp. 426
Drawing a Circuit Schematicp. 426
A Note on Circuit Simulator Programsp. 428
Making a Prototype of Your Circuitp. 428
The Final Circuitp. 429
A Note about Board Layoutp. 433
Special Pieces of Hardware Used in Circuit Constructionp. 433
Solderingp. 434
Desolderingp. 434
Enclosing the Circuitp. 435
Useful Items to Keep Handyp. 435
Troubleshooting the Circuits You Buildp. 436
Multimetersp. 437
Basic Operationp. 437
How Analog VOMs Workp. 438
How Digital Multimeters Workp. 439
A Note on Measurement Errorsp. 440
Oscilloscopesp. 441
How Scopes Workp. 441
Interior Circuity of a Scopep. 443
Aiming the Beamp. 444
Scope Applicationsp. 445
What All the Little Knobs and Switches Dop. 446
Measuring Things with Scopesp. 450
Scope Applicationsp. 455
Appendicesp. 459
Power Distribution and Home Wiringp. 459
Power Distributionp. 459
A Closer Look at Three-Phase Electricityp. 460
Home Wiringp. 462
Electricity in Other Countriesp. 463
Electronic Symbolsp. 465
Useful Facts and Formulasp. 467
Greek Alphabetp. 467
Powers of 10 Unit Prefixesp. 467
Linear Functions (y = mx + b)p. 467
Quadratic Equation (y = ax[superscript 2] + bx + c)p. 468
Exponents and Logarithmsp. 468
Trigonometryp. 468
Complex Numbersp. 469
Differential Calculusp. 469
Finding Componentsp. 471
A Note on Injection Molding and Patentsp. 473
History of Electronics Timelinep. 477
Component Data, List of Logic ICs, Foreign Semiconductor Codesp. 483
Standard Resistance Values for 5% Carbon-Film Resistorsp. 483
Selection of Diodesp. 483
Selection of Zener Diodesp. 485
General Purpose Bipolar Transistorsp. 486
General Purpose Power Bipolar Transistorsp. 487
Selection of RF Transistorsp. 488
Selection of Small-Signal JFETsp. 488
Selection of Power FETsp. 489
Selection of Op Ampsp. 490
Common 4000 Series Logic ICsp. 491
Common 7000 Series Logic ICsp. 492
Semiconductor Codesp. 494
Analog/Digital Interfacingp. 497
Triggering Simple Logic Responses from Analog Signalsp. 497
Using Logic to Drive External Loadsp. 498
Analog Switchesp. 499
Analog Multiplexer/Demultiplexerp. 500
Analog-to-Digital and Digital-to-Analog Conversionp. 501
Analog-to-Digital Convertersp. 508
Displaysp. 515
LED Displaysp. 515
Alphanumeric LED Displaysp. 518
Liquid-Crystal Displaysp. 521
Memory Devicesp. 535
Read-Only Memories (ROMs)p. 535
Simple ROM Made Using Diodesp. 536
Terms Used to Describe Memory Size and Organizationp. 537
Simple Programmable ROMp. 538
Various Kinds of ROM Devicesp. 539
Random-Access Memories (RAMs)p. 545
Microprocessors and Microcontrollersp. 553
Introduction to Microprocessorsp. 554
Microcontrollersp. 561
Indexp. 585
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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