Physics of Semiconductors and Their Heterostructures

ISBN-10: 0070576076
ISBN-13: 9780070576070
Edition: 1993
Authors: Jasprit Singh
List price: $101.56
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Description: This graduate-level textbook offers a comprehensive treatment of the underlying physics behind modern semiconductor devices, with applications to specific modern solid-state devices throughout. Modular in organization, it should be suitable for a  More...

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Book details

List price: $101.56
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 864
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.882
Language: English

This graduate-level textbook offers a comprehensive treatment of the underlying physics behind modern semiconductor devices, with applications to specific modern solid-state devices throughout. Modular in organization, it should be suitable for a range of courses in solid state physics and devices in both physics and electrical engineering departments.

Preface
Introduction
The Free Electron Picturep. 1
Atoms in Solidsp. 1
The Drude Modelp. 2
Quantum Mechanics and Electronsp. 12
The Density of Statesp. 16
Filling of Electronic Statesp. 18
Periodicity: Crystal Structuresp. 28
Periodicity of a Crystalp. 28
Basic Lattice Typesp. 32
The Reciprocal Latticep. 40
Artificial Structures: Superlatticesp. 47
Surfaces: Ideal Versus Realp. 50
Interfacesp. 53
Wave Diffraction in Periodic Structuresp. 61
Bragg's Lawp. 62
Laue Conditionsp. 64
Diffraction from Random Scatterersp. 66
Diffraction Methodsp. 74
Temperature Dependent Effectsp. 78
Electrons in Periodic Structuresp. 91
Periodicity and Bloch's Theoremp. 92
Significance of k: Crystal Momentump. 97
Electron States in a Weak Periodic Potentialp. 100
A Simple Description of Band Fillingp. 115
Holes in Semiconductorsp. 117
Semiconductor Bandstructurep. 126
The Tight Binding Methodp. 127
The Spin-Orbit Couplingp. 140
Symmetry of Conduction Bandedge Statesp. 146
Symmetry of Valence Bandedge Statesp. 147
The Orthogonalized Plane Wave Methodp. 149
The Pseudopotential Methodp. 150
The k[actual symbol not reproducible]p Methodp. 151
Selected Bandstructuresp. 159
Density of States in Semiconductorsp. 169
Bandstructure Modifications: Alloys and Heterostructuresp. 178
Bandstructure of Semiconductor Alloysp. 179
Bandstructure Modifications by Heterostructuresp. 190
Bandstructure in Quantum Wellsp. 194
Bandstructure in Superlatticesp. 201
Bandstructure Modifications Through Strainp. 218
Critical Thicknessp. 218
Elastic Strainp. 221
The Elastic Constantsp. 223
Strain Tensor in Lattice Mismatched Epitaxyp. 226
Deformation Potential Theoryp. 228
Bandgap Alterationp. 246
Built-in Electric Fields in Strained Quantum Wellsp. 246
Doping of Semiconductorsp. 254
Intrinsic Carrier Concentrationp. 254
The Effective Mass Equation for Shallow Levelsp. 258
Extrinsic Carriersp. 266
Population of Impurity Levels, Carrier Freeze-outp. 267
Heavily Doped Semiconductorsp. 270
Modulation Dopingp. 274
Hydrogenic Impurities in Quantum Wellsp. 276
Lattice Vibrations: Phononsp. 285
Considerations for Crystal Bindingp. 286
Crystal Vibrations for a Monatomic Basisp. 292
Crystal Vibrations for a Diatomic Basisp. 296
Phonons: Quantization of Lattice Vibrationsp. 299
Polar Optical Phononsp. 301
Optical Phonon-Photon Interactionsp. 304
Phonon Statisticsp. 309
Models for Phonon Energyp. 312
Phonon Dispersion Measurement Techniquesp. 315
Phonons in Heterostructuresp. 318
Transport: General Formalismp. 324
Relaxation Timesp. 326
The Boltzmann Transport Equationp. 327
Averaging Proceduresp. 336
Mobility Measurement Techniquesp. 338
Hall Mobilityp. 342
Solution of the Boltzmann Transport Equationp. 346
Defect and Carrier-Carrier Scatteringp. 357
Ionized Impurity Scatteringp. 359
Alloy Scatteringp. 369
Carrier-Carrier Scatteringp. 374
Auger Processes and Impact Ionizationp. 381
Phonon Scatteringp. 397
General Formalismp. 397
Limits on Phonon Wavevectorsp. 403
Selection Rules for Phonon Scatteringp. 410
Acoustic Phonon Scatteringp. 411
Deformation Potential Optical Phonon Scatteringp. 414
Polar Optical Phonon Scatteringp. 417
Electron-Plasmon Scatteringp. 424
Piezoelectric Scatteringp. 425
Intervalley Scatteringp. 427
The Polaronp. 429
The Velocity-Field Relationsp. 433
Low Field Transportp. 434
High Field Transportp. 437
Monte Carlo Simulation of Carrier Transportp. 439
Electron Transport Monte Carlo Calculationsp. 459
High Field Electron Transport in Sip. 462
Hole Transport Monte Carlo Calculationsp. 464
Balance Equation Approach to High Field Transportp. 471
Impact Ionization in Semiconductorsp. 475
Zener-Bloch Oscillationsp. 480
Transport in Heterostructuresp. 496
Parallel Transport in Quantum Wells and MODFETsp. 498
Mobility in a MODFET Quantum Wellp. 505
High Temperature / High Field Transportp. 511
Effect of Strain on Transportp. 511
Transport in Quantum Wiresp. 517
Real Space Charge Transferp. 518
Avalanche Processes in Quantum Well Structuresp. 520
Quantum Transportp. 523
Resonant Tunnelingp. 524
Tunneling in Heterostructures with Spatially Varying Central Cell Symmetryp. 530
Perpendicular Transport in Superlatticesp. 539
Quantum Interference Effectsp. 541
Density Matrix Formalismp. 544
Interactions of Photons With Semiconductorsp. 557
Maxwell Equations, Vector Potential, and Gauge Transformationsp. 559
Drude-Zener Theoryp. 564
Optical Modes in Ionic Crystalsp. 567
Kramers-Kronig Relationp. 568
Electrons in an Electromagnetic Fieldp. 572
Selection Rules for Optical Processesp. 576
Interband Transitionsp. 578
Optical Processes in Semiconductor Lasersp. 586
Indirect Interband Transitionsp. 595
Intraband Transitionsp. 599
Optical Properties in Semiconductors: Excitonic Transitionsp. 615
Excitonic States in Semiconductorsp. 617
Optical Properties with Inclusion of Excitonic Effectsp. 622
Excitonic States in Quantum Wellsp. 627
Excitonic Absorption in Quantum Wellsp. 632
Exciton Broadening Effectsp. 634
Modulation of Excitonic Transitions: Quantum Confined Stark Effectp. 637
Exiton Quenchingp. 646
Refractive Index Modulation Due to Exciton Modulationp. 653
Strain Induced Electric Fields for Enhanced Optical Modulationp. 657
Radiative Recombination from Excitonic Statesp. 658
Semiconductors in Magnetic Fieldsp. 668
Semiclassical Dynamics of Electrons in a Magnetic Fieldp. 670
Semiclassical Theory of Magnetotransportp. 675
Quantum Mechanical Approach to Electrons in a Magnetic Fieldp. 676
The Aharonov-Bohm Effectp. 683
The De Haas-Van Alphen Effectp. 686
The Shubnikov-De Haas Effectp. 691
The Quantum Hall Effectp. 695
Magneto-optics in Landau Levelsp. 701
Excitons in Magnetic Fieldp. 703
Shallow Impurities in Magnetic Fieldsp. 707
Magnetic Semiconductorsp. 709
Defects and Disorder in Semiconductorsp. 714
Point Defects in Semiconductorsp. 715
Trapping and Recombinationp. 723
Dislocations and Lattice Mismatched Epitaxyp. 728
Disordered Semiconductorsp. 738
Extended and Localized Statesp. 739
Mesoscopic Structuresp. 751
And Now Something of Real Consequence: Devicesp. 759
Some Recent Trendsp. 759
Requirements for Successful Devicesp. 760
A Summary of Some Important Devicesp. 768
A. The Wave Packet Picturep. 783
B. Electron in a Quantum Wellp. 788
C. The Harmonic Oscillator Problemp. 791
D. Combination of Angular Momentum Statesp. 795
E. Stationary Perturbation Theoryp. 797
F. Eigenvalue Method to Solve Coupled Equationsp. 801
G. The Zeeman Effectp. 804
H. The Variational Methodp. 807
I. Time Dependent Perturbation Theory and the Fermi Golden Rulep. 810
J. Gaussian and MKSA Unitsp. 815
K. Numerical Evaluation of Some Physical Parametersp. 819
L. Selected Properties of Semiconductorsp. 824
M. Evaluation of Scattering Rates for a Monte Carlo Programp. 828
N. Wide Band Gap Semiconductorsp. 836
Indexp. 843
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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