Steam Plant Operation

ISBN-10: 0070361509
ISBN-13: 9780070361508
Edition: 7th 1998
List price: $84.95
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Description: Long popular with engineers and technicians in industry, this practical guide has been substantially revised to cover the very latest facts and data on steam-plant equipment including design, installation, operation, and maintenance.

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Book details

List price: $84.95
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 1998
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date: 4/30/1998
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 818
Size: 6.10" wide x 9.10" long x 2.40" tall
Weight: 3.300
Language: English

Long popular with engineers and technicians in industry, this practical guide has been substantially revised to cover the very latest facts and data on steam-plant equipment including design, installation, operation, and maintenance.

Everett B. Woodruff (Akron, OH) was a project engineer at A.M. Kinney, Inc., where he worked on the design of complete plants, operation and maintenance, performance tests, plant records, and survey reports. Herbert B. Lammers (Akron, OH) was a consultant for a wide range of industries. His experience covered all phases of industrial plant engineering, including installation and operation and maintenance of steam power plant equipment. Thomas F. Lammers (Akron, OH) was Senior Project Manager with Babcock and Wilcox, where he successfully managed projects in engineering, marketing and project management for more than 35 years.

Preface
Steam and Its Importance
The Use of Steam
The Steam-Plant Cycle
The Power Plant
Utility Boilers for Electric Power
Coal-Fired Boilers
Oil- and Gas-Fired Boilers
Steam Considerations
Boiler Feedwater
Industrial and Small Power Plants
Fluidized Bed Boilers
Combined Cycle and Cogeneration Systems
Power Plant Costs
Summary
Questions and Problems
Boilers
The Boiler
Fundamentals of Steam Generation
Boiling
Circulation
Steam-Water Separation
Fire-Tube Boilers
Water-Tube Boilers
Steam-Water Separation
Principles of Heat Transfer
Superheaters
Superheat Steam Temperature Control
Attemperation
Flue Gas Bypass
Flue Gas Recirculation
Heat-Recovery Equipment
Furnace Design Considerations
Furnace Construction
Industrial and Utility Boilers
Considerations for Coal Firing
Spreader Stokers
Pulverized-Coal Firing
Stoker versus Pulverized-Coal Firing
Pressurized versus Balanced-Draft Boiler Designs
Fluidized Bed Boilers
The Process
Comparison with Pulverized-Coal and Stoker Firing
Advantages of Fluidized Bed Combustion
Descriptions of Fluidized Bed Boilers
Emissions Control with Fluidized Bed Boilers
Bed Material
Heat Transfer
Modern Coal-Fired Plants-Summary
Process Steam and Its Application
Combined Cycle and Cogeneration Systems
Nuclear Steam Generation
Questions and Problems
Design and Construction of Boilers
Materials Used in Boiler Construction
Stresses in Tubes and Drums
Drum Construction
Welded Construction
Structural Support Components
Manholes, Handholes, and Fittings
Boiler Assembly
Heating Surface and Capacity
Boiler Capacity Calculation
Questions and Problems
Combustion of Fuels
The Combustion Process
The Theory of Combustion
The Air Supply
Coal
Fuel Oil
Gas
By-Product Fuels
Control of the Combustion Process
Questions and Problems
Boiler Settings, Combustion Systems, and Auxiliary Equipment
Boiler Settings
Hand Firing
Stokers
Underfeed Stokers
Overfeed Stokers
Pulverized Coal
Contact Mills
Ball Mills
Impact Mills
Mill Feeders
Gravimetric Feeders
Burners
Lighters
Flame Safety System
Operation
Fuel Oil
Steam- or Air-Atomizing Burners
Pressure-Type Burners
Oil Burning Characteristics
Gas
Oil- and Gas-Firing Safety Precautions
Automatic Operation of Boilers
Stacks
Mechanical Draft: Fans
Steam and Air Jets
Flues and Ducts
Ash Handling Systems
Questions and Problems
Boiler Accessories
Water Columns
Pressure Measurement
Temperature Measurement
Feedwater Regulators
Safety Valves
Blowdown Equipment
Nonreturn Valves
Steam Piping
Sootblowers
Valves
Instruments and Automatic Control Systems
Questions and Problems
Operation and Maintenance of Boilers
Boiler Startup
Normal Operation
Combustion Control
Ash Handling
Water Supply
Boiler Efficiency
Insulation and Lagging
Operating Characteristics of Fluidized Bed Boilers
Circulating Fluid Bed (CFB) Boilers
Bubbling Fluid Bed (BFB) Boilers
Abnormal Operation
Idle Boilers
Maintenance
Boiler Internal Inspection
Evaluating the Condition of a Boiler
Making Repairs
Inspection and Maintenance Requirements of Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSGs)
Questions and Problems
Pumps
Pumps
Injectors
Duplex Pumps
Power Pumps
Vacuum Pumps
Rotary Pumps
Centrifugal Pumps
Facts about Fluids and Pumping
Factors Affecting Pump Operation
Considerations for Pump Selection
Pump Installation and Operation
Pump Testing and Calculations
Pump Maintenance
Questions and Problems
Steam Turbines, Condensers, and Cooling Towers
Steam Turbines
Turbine Types and Applications
Turbine Stage Design
Major Components of a Turbine
Turbine Design and Construction
Thrust Bearing
Packing
Governors
Lubrication
Turbine Control
Erection of the Steam Turbine
Relief Valves and Rupture Disks for Turbines
Turbine Piping
Electric Generators
Condensers
Surface Condensers
Air-Cooled Condensers
Condenser Materials and Construction
Cooling Towers
Types of Cooling Towers
Design Considerations
Materials of Construction
Condenser Auxiliaries
Questions and Problems
Operating and Maintaining Steam Turbines, Condensers, Cooling Towers, and Auxiliaries
Turbines
Turbine Operation
Turbine Maintenance
Turbine Performance
Condensers
Surface Condenser Operation
Surface Condenser Maintenance
Air-Cooled Steam Condenser Operation
Cooling Towers
Operation of Cooling Towers
Maintenance of Cooling Towers
Auxiliaries
Traveling Screens
Pumps
Steam-Jet Ejectors and Vacuum Pumps
Vacuum Gauges
Questions and Problems
Auxiliary Steam-Plant Equipment
Condensate System
Feedwater Heaters
Closed Feedwater Heaters
Open Feedwater Heaters (Deaerators)
Operation and Maintenance of Feedwater Heaters
Condensate Polishing Systems
Raw Water Treatment
Ion-Exchange Water Conditioners
Evaporators
Boiler Blowdown
Piping System
Steam Traps
Pipeline Separators and Strainers
Lubricants and Lubricating Devices
Questions and Problems
Environmental Control Systems
Introduction
Environmental Considerations
Sources of Plant Emissions
Available Technologies for the Control of Emissions
SO[subscript 2] Control
NO[subscript x] Control
Particulate Control
Regulatory Requirements
Particulate and Sulfur Dioxide Removal Requirements
Particulate Removal
Sulfur Dioxide Removal
Industrial Boilers
Equipment for Particulate Emission Control
Mechanical Collectors
Electrostatic Precipitators
Bag Filterhouses
Equipment for Sulfur Dioxide Scrubber Systems
Wet Scrubbers
Dry Scrubbers
Systems for Control of Nitrogen Oxides (NO[subscript x])
Questions and Problems
Waste-to-Energy Plants
Introduction
Waste Disposal-A Worldwide Problem
Potential Energy from MSW
Landfills
Solid Waste Composition
Types of Energy-Recovery Technologies
Mass Burning
Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) Burning
Operation and Maintenance of Refuse Boilers
Recycling
Advantages and Disadvantages of Recycling
Economics and Quality Products from Recycling
Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs)
Waste-to-Energy Plants and Recycling
Questions and Problems
Unit Conversions
Geometric Formulas
Steam Tables and Charts
Answers to Problems
Glossary
Index

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