Democracy in America

ISBN-10: 0060956666
ISBN-13: 9780060956660
Edition: 2000
List price: $20.00
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Book details

List price: $20.00
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 800
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.00" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 1.430

French writer and politician Alexis de Tocqueville was born in Verneuil to an aristocratic Norman family. He entered the bar in 1825 and became an assistant magistrate at Versailles. In 1831, he was sent to the United States to report on the prison system. This journey produced a book called On the Penitentiary System in the United States (1833), as well as a much more significant work called Democracy in America (1835--40), a treatise on American society and its political system. Active in French politics, Tocqueville also wrote Old Regime and the Revolution (1856), in which he argued that the Revolution of 1848 did not constitute a break with the past but merely accelerated a trend toward greater centralization of government. Tocqueville was an observant Catholic, and this has been cited as a reason why many of his insights, rather than being confined to a particular time and place, reach beyond to see a universality in all people everywhere.

Scott A. Sandage is Associate Professor of History at Carnegie Mellon University .

Foreword
From the Foreword of the 1966 Edition
Author's Preface to the Twelfth Edition
Author's Introduction
Physical Configuration of North America
Concerning Their Point of Departure and Its Importance for the Future of the Angloamericans
Reasons for Some Peculiarities in the Laws and Customs of the Anglo-Americans
Social State of the Anglo-Americans
The Striking Feature in the Social Condition of the Anglo-Americans Is That It Is Essentially Democratic
Political Consequences of the Social State of the Anglo-Americans
The Principle of the Sovereignty of the People in America
The Need to Study what Happens in the States Before Discussing the Government of the Union
The American System of Townships
Limits of the Township
Powers of the New England Township
Life in the Township
Spirit of the Township in New England
The New England County
Administration in New England
General Ideas Concerning Administration in the United States
Of the State
Legislative Power of the State
The Executive Power of the State
Political Effects of Administrative Decentralization in the United States
Judicial Power in the United States and Its Effect on Political Society
Other Powers Given to American Judges
Political Jurisdiction in the United States
The Federal Constitution
History of the Federal Constitution
Summary of the Federal Constitution
Prerogatives of the Federal Government
Federal Powers
Legislative Powers
Another Difference Between the Senate and the House of Representatives
The Executive Power
How the Position of the President of the United States Differs from That of a Constitutional King in France
Accidental Causes That May Increase the Influence of the Executive Power
Why the President of the United States Has No Need, in Order to Direct Affairs, of a Majority in the Two Houses
Election of the President
Mode of Election
Crisis of the Election
Concerning the Reelection of the President
The Federal Courts
Means of Determining the Competence of the Federal Courts
Different Cases of Jurisdiction
Procedure of the Federal Courts
High Standing of the Supreme Court Among the Great Authorities in the State
The Superiority of the Federal Constitution over That of the States
What Distinguishes the Federal Constitution of the United States of America from All Other Federal Constitutions
Advantages of the Federal System in General and Its Special Usefulness in America
Why the Federal System Is Not Within the Reach of All Nations and Why the Anglo-Americans Have Been Able to Adopt It
Why It Can Strictly Be Said That the People Govern in the United States
Parties in the United States
Remains of the Aristocratic Party in the United States
Freedom of the Press in the United States
Political Association in the United States
Government By Democracy in America
Universal Suffrage
The People's Choice and the Instincts of American Democracy in Such Choices
Elements Which May Provide a Partial Corrective to These Instincts of Democracy
Influence of American Democracy upon Electoral Laws
Public Officers Under the Rule of American Democracy
The Arbitrary Power of Magistrates Under the Sway of American Democracy
Administrative Instability in the United States
Public Expenses Under the Rule of American Democracy
The Instincts of American Democracy in Fixing the Salaries of Officials
Difficulty of Discerning the Reasons That Incline the American Government Toward Economy
Can the Public Expenditure of the United States Be Compared with That of France?
Corruption and Vices of the Rulers in a Democracy and Consequent Effect on Public Morality
The Efforts of Which Democracy Is Capable
American Democracy's Power of Self-Control
How American Democracy Conducts the External Affairs of the State
The Real Advantages Derived by American Society from Democratic Government
The General Tendency of Laws Under the Sway of American Democracy and the Instincts of Those Who Apply Them
Public Spirit in the United States
The Idea of Rights in the United States
Respect for Law in the United States
Activity Prevailing in All Parts of the Political Body in the United States; the Influence Thereby Exerted on Society
The Omnipotence of the Majority in the United States and Its Effects
How in America the Omnipotence of the Majority Increases the Legislative and Administrative Instability Natural to Democracies
Tyranny of the Majority
Effect of the Omnipotence of the Majority on the Arbitrary Power of American Public Officials
The Power Exercised by the Majority in America over Thought
Effects of the Majority's Tyranny on American National Character; the Courtier Spirit in the United States
The Greatest Danger to the American Republics Comes from the Omnipotence of the Majority
What Tempers the Tyranny of the Majority in the United States
Absence of Administrative Centralization
The Temper of the American Legal Profession and How It Serves to Counterbalance Democracy
The Jury in the United States Considered as a Political Institution
The Main Causes Tending to Maintain A Democratic Republic in the United States
Accidental or Providential Causes Helping to Maintain a Democratic Republic in the United States
Influence of the Laws upon the Maintenance of a Democratic Republic in the United States
Influence of Mores upon the Maintenance of a Democratic Republic in the United States
Religion Considered as a Political Institution and How It Powerfully Contributes to the Maintenance of a Democratic Republic Among the Americans
Indirect Influence of Religious Beliefs upon Political Society in the United States
The Main Causes That Make Religion Powerful in America
How the Enlightenment, Habits, and Practical Experience of the Americans Contribute to the Success of Democratic Institutions
The Laws Contribute More to the Maintenance of the Democratic Republic in the United States Than Do the Physical Circumstances of the Country, and Mores Do More Than the Laws
Elsewhere Than in America, Would Laws and Mores Be Enough to Maintain Democratic Institutions?
The Importance of the Foregoing in Relation to Europe
Some Considerations Concerning the Present State and Probable Future of the Three Races that Inhabit the Territory of the United States
The Present State and the Probable Future of the Indian Tribes Inhabiting the Territory of the Union
Situation of the Black Race in the United States; Dangers Entailed for the Whites by Its Presence
What Are the Chances That the American Union Will Last? What Dangers Threaten It?
Concerning the Republican Institutions of the United States and Their Chances of Survival
Some Considerations Concerning the Causes of the Commercial Greatness of the United States
Conclusion
Author's Preface to Volume Two
Contents of Volume Two
Democracy in America: Volume Two
Tocqueville's Notes to Volumes One and Two
Report on Cherbuliez' Book, On Democracy in Switzerland, January 15, 1848
Speech in the Chamber of Deputies, January 27, 1848
Index

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