Chinese Civilization A Sourcebook

ISBN-10: 002908752X
ISBN-13: 9780029087527
Edition: 2nd 1993 (Revised)
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Description: Chinese Civilization sets the standard for supplementary texts in Chinese history courses. With newly expanded material, personal documents, social records, laws, and documents that historians mistakenly ignore, the sixth edition is even more useful  More...

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Book details

List price: $23.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: Free Press
Publication date: 5/10/1993
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 524
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.046
Language: English

Chinese Civilization sets the standard for supplementary texts in Chinese history courses. With newly expanded material, personal documents, social records, laws, and documents that historians mistakenly ignore, the sixth edition is even more useful than its classic predecessor. A complete and thorough introduction to Chinese history and culture.

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Contents According to Topics
A Note on the Selection and Translation of Sources
Map of China
The Classical Period
Late Shang Divination Records. The questions and answers inscribed on oracle bones used to communicate with divine powers
The Metal Bound Box. A scene in which the Duke of Zhou offers his life to the ancestors in place of his nephew the king, from the Book of Documents
Hexagrams in the Book of Changes. Two passages from an ancient diviners' manual
Songs and Poems. Songs of courtship, feasting, and war, from the Book of Songs
The Battle Between Jin and Chu. Description of the strategies, jockeying for position, and boasting of a major battle, from the Zuo zhuan
Confucian Teachings. Passages from the Analects, Mencius, and Xunzi
Daoist Teachings. Passages from the Laozi and Zhuangzi
Legalist Teachings. Passages from the Book of Lord Shang and Han Feizi
Two Avengers. From the Intrigues of the Warring States
Social Rituals. The procedures to be followed when an inferior visits a superior and vice-versa, from the Book of Etiquette and Ritual
The Qin and Han Dynasties
Penal Servitude in Qin Law. From excavated wooden-strip documents
The World Beyond China. From Sima Qian's Historical Records
Heaven, Earth, and Man. From the writings of Dong Zhongshu
The Debate on Salt and Iron. A court debate between the Legalist prime minister and the Confucian scholars about the role of the government in economic matters
The Classic of Filial Piety. A popular primer that glorifies the virtue of filial devotion
Wang Fu on Friendship and Getting Ahead. A second-century man's cynical view of how men get ahead
Women's Virtues and Vices. An exemplary biography of a model woman, the lament of a man whose wife was far from model, and a woman's admonitions to girls on how to behave
Yin and Yang in Medical Theory. The theory behind traditional medicine, from the Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine
Local Cults. Three stone inscriptions describing shrines erected to honor various deities
Uprisings. Accounts of two religious leaders and the uprisings they staged
The Era of Division and the Tang Dynasty
Ge Hong's Autobiography. By a fourth-century scholar and reluctant official
Buddhist Doctrines and Practices. Wei Shou's summary of Buddhist doctrines, hagiographic accounts of two monks, and documents found at Dunhuang showing Buddhist belief in practice
Tales of Ghosts and Demons. Three tales from a fourth-century collection
Cultural Differences Between the North and the South. Two views of the distinctions that developed during a period of political separation and non-Han domination in the North
Emperor Taizong on Effective Government. A summary of political theory, written by the second Tang emperor for his sons
The Tang Legal Code. Sections from the laws on theft and robbery and those on land and taxes
The Errors of Geomancy. An official's complaints about the profusion of theories
The Dancing Horses of Xuanzong's Court. Unusual and exotic entertainment
Family Business. Documents from Dunhuang on the sale of slaves, division of property, and household registration
The Examination System. Humorous and semihumorous anecdotes about men's efforts to pass the civil service examinations
A Pilgrim's Visit to the Five Terraces Mountains. From the diary of a Japanese monk who made a pilgrimage to one of the sacred sites of Buddhism
The Song and Yuan Dynasties
The Tanguts and Their Relations with the Han Chinese. Some Tangut maxims, a Tangut ruler's letter to the Song emperor, and the preface to a Chinese-Tangut glossary
Book of Rewards and Punishments. A moral tract associated with popular Daoism
Precepts of the Perfect Truth Daoist Sect. Principles of a Daoist monastic sect
Wang Anshi, Sima Guang, and Emperor Shenzong. A court debate between the leading activist and his conservative opponent and letters they wrote each other outlining their differences
Rules for the Fan Lineage's Charitable Estate. The rules by which a charitable trust was to be run for the benefit of the members of the lineage
Ancestral Rites. From a ritual manual giving the procedures to be followed
Women and the Problems They Create. Three folktale-like stories of unusual women and a sympathetic view of women's problems
Longing to Recover the North. Poems by six twelfth-century writers expressing their anguish at the loss of China's heartland
Zhu Xi's Conversations with His Disciples. Conversations between a leading neo-Confucian philosopher and his students
The Attractions of the Capital. A description of economic activity, entertainment, and amenities in the city of Hangzhou
The Mutual Responsibility System. One magistrate's instructions on how these units were to operate
On Farming. How to plant, weed, care for tools, budget time, and so on
A Mongol Governor. The biography of a Mongol who spent decades putting down rebellions and securing Mongol rule
A Schedule for Learning. Neo-Confucian rules and advice for teachers and students
A Scholar-Painter's Diary. Two weeks of social and intellectual activity
The Ming Dynasty
Proclamations of the Hongwu Emperor. A despot's complaints about how difficult it was to get his subjects to act properly
The Dragon Boat Race. A description of the festival as performed in one place in Hunan
Village Ordinances. Sample ordinances a village could adopt
Commercial Activities. Sample contracts, an essay on merchants, and a biography of an admired one
What the Weaver Said. An artisan's view of his work
Tenants. Two contracts specifying the responsibilities of quasi-hereditary tenant-servants on one estate and reports of riots by tenants
Shi Jin the Nine-Dragoned. Episode from a novel describing the background of one outlaw
Family Instructions. Advice and rules found in a lineage genealogy
Concubines. How concubines were bought, the reminiscences of a man for a beloved concubine, and an episode from a novel depicting the ploys of a malicious concubine
Widows Loyal Unto Death. Accounts from a local history glorifying women who showed loyalty to their dead husbands by killing themselves
Two Philosophers. Letters and conversations of two important thinkers, Wang Yangming and Li Zhi
A Censor Accuses a Eunuch. A memorial to the emperor accusing the eunuch Wei Zhongxian of usurping his authority and acting tyrannically
The Qing Dynasty
The Yangzhou Massacre. One family's experiences, recounted in a diary
Proverbs About Heaven. Standard sayings
Taxes and Labor Service. A description of the forms in which taxes and service were assessed in one county
Permanent Property. The advice a man gave his sons concerning the importance of owning land and how to manage it
Lan Dingyuan's Casebook. Two examples of how an energetic Magistrate solved administrative and legal cases
Exhortations on Ceremony and Deference. A lecture delivered by an official in the hope of teaching villagers good behavior
Village Organization. Two records of village affairs, one about a water-use agreement, the other the creation of a fair
The Village Headman and the New Teacher. Episode from a novel about how a teacher was hired
Boat People. A local history's account of a minority group
Placards Posted in Guangzhou. Official orders to admit foreigners to the city after the Opium War and protests from local residents
Infant Protection Society. An account of one man's efforts to stem infanticide
Mid-Century Rebels. Confessions, proclamations, petitions, and descriptions of a number of different rebel groups
The Conditions and Activities of Workers. A stone inscription recording official disapproval of organizing by workers and an official report of working conditions in a water-logged mine
Genealogy Rules. The rules one lineage used in compiling its genealogy
The Early Twentieth Century
Liang Qichao on His Trip to America. Comments on the amazing sights in New York, and reflections on Chinese social organization
Ridding China of Bad Customs. Proposals for ways to end footbinding, suppress opium addiction, and free young girl bondservants
Rural Education. Recollections of a teacher introducing science to a rural school
My Old Home. A story showing problems of communication between upper and lower class men
The Spirit of the May Fourth Movement. Recollections of a woman who had been in middle school at the time
The Haifeng Peasant Association. How one man tried to organize peasants
The Dog-Meat General. An account of one of the more incompetent and brutal warlords
The General Strike. A magazine account of a strike in Shanghai in 1928
Funeral Processions. A description of two funeral processions with a list of the equipment used and the cost
My Children. An essay by a man with five children
The Life of Beggars. An account of the social organization of beggars and their various techniques of earning a living
Generalissimo Jiang on National Identity. Two speeches, early and late in the War Against Japan, on China's relations with other countries and the relations of the various nationalities within China
The People's Republic
The Communist Party. A speech by Liu Shaoqi on party organization and discipline
Land Reform. An episode from a novel showing peasants learning "to stand up"
Hu Feng and Mao Zedong. Letters of a leading intellectual which Mao published with his own commentary on how they demonstrated his counterrevolutionary tendencies
A New Young Man Arrives at the Organization Department. An episode from a story of the conflict between an idealistic young party member and the entrenched power structure
Peng Dehuai's Critique of the Great Leap Forward. Peng's letter to Mao offering measured criticism of his policies
Developing Agricultural Production. A newspaper account of efforts to inspire members of a production brigade to work harder
Lei Feng, Chairman Mao's Good Fighter. Inspirational anecdotes about a model worker and soldier, devoted to aiding the people
Housing in Shanghai. A newspaper article describing the effects of state control of housing
Red Guards. Red Guards' accounts of their activities during the Cultural Revolution
Victims. A short story written after the fall of the "Gang of Four," showing some of the negative effects on both the older and younger generations of the Cultural Revolution
The Changing Course of Courtship. Four documents that show the changing circumstances in which young people have looked for spouses
The One-Child Family. One province's regulations for fostering the one-child family and a magazine article on the pressure young mothers have experienced because of this policy
Economic Liberalization and New Problems for Women. Newspaper and magazine articles protesting some of the ways new policies have had adverse effects on women's employment or welfare
Peasants in the Cities. An interview and a newspaper article concerning the rural residents who flocked to the cities in the 1980s
Posters Calling for Democracy. Posters from the 1989 Democracy Protests
Defending China's Socialist Democracy. A newspaper article refuting the views of those who believe that the West is more democratic than China
Glossary
Suggestions for Further Reading
Original Sources
Index

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