Preface | p. ix |

Survey of Electronics | p. xiv |

A Brief History of the Development of Electronics | p. 2 |

Radio and Television Broadcasting | p. 3 |

Career Opportunities in Electronics | p. 5 |

A Preview of the Most Common Electronic Components | p. 7 |

Tools of the Trade | p. 13 |

Electricity | p. 14 |

Negative and Positive Polarities | p. 16 |

Electrons and Protons in the Atom | p. 16 |

Structure of the Atom | p. 19 |

The Coulomb Unit of Electric Charge | p. 22 |

The Volt Unit of Potential Difference | p. 25 |

Charge in Motion Is Current | p. 27 |

Resistance Is Opposition to Current | p. 32 |

The Closed Circuit | p. 34 |

Direction of the Current | p. 36 |

Direct Current (DC) and Alternating Current (AC) | p. 38 |

Sources of Electricity | p. 39 |

Summary and Review | p. 41 |

Resistors | p. 46 |

Types of Resistors | p. 48 |

Resistor Color Coding | p. 50 |

Variable Resistors | p. 54 |

Rheostats and Potentiometers | p. 56 |

Power Rating of Resistors | p. 58 |

Series and Parallel Combinations of Resistors | p. 59 |

Resistor Troubles | p. 60 |

Summary and Review | p. 62 |

Ohm's Law | p. 68 |

The Current I = V/R | p. 70 |

The Voltage V = IR | p. 73 |

The Resistance R = V/I | p. 73 |

Practical Units | p. 74 |

Multiple Units | p. 75 |

The Linear Proportion between V and I | p. 76 |

Electric Power | p. 78 |

Power Dissipation in Resistance | p. 81 |

Power Formulas | p. 84 |

Choosing the Resistor for a Circuit | p. 86 |

Electric Shock | p. 88 |

Open-Circuit and Short-Circuit Troubles | p. 89 |

Summary and Review | p. 90 |

Series Circuits | p. 96 |

Why I Is the Same in All Parts of a Series Circuit | p. 98 |

Total R Equals the Sum of All Series Resistances | p. 100 |

Series IR Voltage Drops | p. 102 |

The Sum of Series IR Drops Equals the Applied V[subscript T] | p. 103 |

Polarity of IR Voltage Drops | p. 105 |

Total Power in a Series Circuit | p. 106 |

Series-Aiding and Series-Opposing Voltages | p. 107 |

Analyzing Series Circuits | p. 108 |

Effect of an Open Circuit in a Series Path | p. 110 |

Series Switches Represent the and Logic Function | p. 112 |

Summary and Review | p. 114 |

Parallel Circuits | p. 120 |

The Applied Voltage V[subscript A] Is the Same across Parallel Branches | p. 122 |

Each Branch I Equals V[subscript A]/R | p. 123 |

The Main-Line I[subscript T] Equals the Sum of the Branch Currents | p. 124 |

Resistance in Parallel | p. 127 |

Conductances in Parallel | p. 133 |

Total Power in Parallel Circuits | p. 134 |

Analyzing Parallel Circuits | p. 135 |

Effect of an Open Branch in Parallel Circuits | p. 136 |

Effect of a Short Circuit across Parallel Branches | p. 137 |

Parallel Switches Represent the or Logic Function | p. 138 |

Summary and Review | p. 140 |

Series-Parallel Circuits | p. 146 |

Finding R[subscript T] for Series-Parallel Resistances | p. 148 |

Resistance Strings in Parallel | p. 149 |

Resistance Banks in Series | p. 151 |

Resistance Banks and Strings in Series-Parallel | p. 153 |

Analyzing Series-Parallel Circuits | p. 155 |

Wheatstone Bridge | p. 158 |

Chassis-Ground Connections | p. 159 |

Voltages Measured to Chassis Ground | p. 160 |

Opens and Shorts in Series-Parallel Circuits | p. 163 |

Series-Parallel Switches Combine the and and or Logic Functions | p. 164 |

Summary and Review | p. 166 |

Review: Chapters 1 To 6 | p. 173 |

Voltage Dividers and Current Dividers | p. 176 |

Series Voltage Dividers | p. 178 |

Current Divider with Two Parallel Resistances | p. 180 |

Current Division by Parallel Conductances | p. 183 |

Series Voltage Divider with Parallel Load Current | p. 184 |

Design of a Loaded Voltage Divider | p. 186 |

Summary and Review | p. 189 |

Direct-Current Meters | p. 194 |

Moving-Coil Meter | p. 196 |

Measurement of Current | p. 198 |

Meter Shunts | p. 200 |

Voltmeters | p. 203 |

Loading Effect of a Voltmeter | p. 208 |

Ohmmeters | p. 210 |

Multimeters | p. 214 |

Digital Multimeter (DMM) | p. 217 |

Meter Applications | p. 219 |

Checking Continuity with the Ohmmeter | p. 222 |

Summary and Review | p. 224 |

Review: Chapters 7 And 8 | p. 230 |

Kirchhoff's Laws | p. 232 |

Kirchhoff's Current Law (KCL) | p. 234 |

Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (KVL) | p. 235 |

Method of Branch Currents | p. 237 |

Node-Voltage Analysis | p. 241 |

Method of Mesh Currents | p. 244 |

Summary and Review | p. 248 |

Network Theorems | p. 252 |

Superposition | p. 254 |

Thevenin's Theorem | p. 256 |

Thevenizing a Circuit with Two Voltage Sources | p. 259 |

Thevenizing a Bridge Circuit | p. 260 |

Norton's Theorem | p. 262 |

Thevenin-Norton Conversions | p. 266 |

Conversion of Voltage and Current Sources | p. 268 |

Millman's Theorem | p. 270 |

Circuits with Current Sources | p. 272 |

T or Y and [pi] or [Delta] Connections | p. 275 |

Summary and Review | p. 280 |

Review: Chapters 9 and 10 | p. 286 |

Conductors and Insulators | p. 288 |

Function of the Conductor | p. 290 |

Standard Wire Gage Sizes | p. 290 |

Types of Wire Conductors | p. 293 |

Connectors | p. 295 |

Printed Wiring | p. 296 |

Switches | p. 297 |

Fuses | p. 299 |

Wire Resistance | p. 301 |

Temperature Coefficient of Resistance | p. 304 |

Ion Current in Liquids and Gases | p. 306 |

Electrons and Hole Charges in Semiconductors | p. 308 |

Insulators | p. 310 |

Troubleshooting Hints for Wires and Connectors | p. 311 |

Summary and Review | p. 313 |

Batteries | p. 318 |

General Features of Batteries | p. 320 |

The Voltaic Cell | p. 322 |

Carbon-Zinc Dry Cell | p. 324 |

Alkaline Cell | p. 325 |

Additional Types of Primary Cells | p. 327 |

Summary of Dry Cells | p. 328 |

Lithium Cell | p. 329 |

Lead-Acid Wet Cell | p. 330 |

Additional Types of Secondary Cells | p. 334 |

Series and Parallel Cells | p. 336 |

Current Drain Depends on Load Resistance | p. 338 |

Internal Resistance of a Generator | p. 339 |

Why the Terminal Voltage Drops with More Load Current | p. 340 |

Constant-Voltage and Constant-Current Sources | p. 343 |

Matching a Load Resistance to the Generator r[subscript i] | p. 343 |

Summary and Review | p. 346 |

Review: Chapters 11 and 12 | p. 350 |

Magnetism | p. 352 |

The Magnetic Field [phis] | p. 354 |

Magnetic Flux [mu] | p. 355 |

Flux Density B | p. 357 |

Induction by the Magnetic Field | p. 360 |

Air Gap of a Magnet | p. 361 |

Types of Magnets | p. 362 |

Ferrites | p. 364 |

Magnetic Shielding | p. 365 |

The Hall Effect | p. 366 |

Summary and Review | p. 367 |

Magnetic Units | p. 370 |

Ampere-Turns of Magnetomotive Force (mmf) | p. 372 |

Field Intensity (H) | p. 373 |

Permeability ([mu]) | p. 375 |

B-H Magnetization Curve | p. 377 |

Magnetic Hysteresis | p. 378 |

Ohm's Law for Magnetic Circuits | p. 380 |

Relations between Magnetic Units | p. 382 |

Comparison of Magnetic and Electric Fields | p. 383 |

Summary and Review | p. 386 |

Electromagnetic Induction | p. 390 |

Magnetic Field around an Electric Current | p. 392 |

Magnetic Polarity of a Coil | p. 394 |

Motor Action between Two Magnetic Fields | p. 395 |

Induced Current | p. 398 |

Lenz' Law | p. 399 |

Generating an Induced Voltage | p. 400 |

Faraday's Law of Induced Voltage | p. 402 |

Relays | p. 404 |

Summary and Review | p. 408 |

Alternating Voltage and Current | p. 414 |

Alternating Current Applications | p. 416 |

Alternating-Voltage Generator | p. 417 |

The Sine Wave | p. 420 |

Alternating Current | p. 423 |

Voltage and Current Values for a Sine Wave | p. 424 |

Frequency | p. 427 |

Period | p. 428 |

Wavelength | p. 430 |

Phase Angle | p. 423 |

The Time Factor in Frequency and Phase | p. 436 |

Alternating Current Circuits with Resistance | p. 437 |

Nonsinusoidal AC Waveforms | p. 440 |

Harmonic Frequencies | p. 442 |

The 60-Hz AC Power Line | p. 442 |

Motors and Generators | p. 445 |

Three-Phase AC Power | p. 447 |

Summary and Review | p. 450 |

Review: Chapters 13 to 16 | p. 456 |

Capacitance | p. 458 |

How Charge Is Stored in the Dielectric | p. 460 |

Charging and Discharging a Capacitor | p. 461 |

The Farad Unit of Capacitance | p. 463 |

Typical Capacitors | p. 468 |

Electrolytic Capacitors | p. 472 |

Capacitor Coding | p. 474 |

Parallel Capacitances | p. 481 |

Series Capacitances | p. 481 |

Stray Capacitive and Inductive Effects | p. 483 |

Energy in Electrostatic Field of Capacitance | p. 485 |

Troubles in Capacitors | p. 487 |

Summary and Review | p. 490 |

Capacitive Reactance | p. 496 |

Alternating Current in a Capacitive Circuit | p. 498 |

The Amount of X[subscript C] Equals 1/(2[pi]fC) | p. 499 |

Series or Parallel Capacitive Reactances | p. 503 |

Ohm's Law Applied to X[subscript C] | p. 504 |

Applications of Capacitive Reactance | p. 505 |

Sine-Wave Charge and Discharge Current | p. 506 |

Summary and Review | p. 511 |

Capacitive Circuits | p. 516 |

Sine-Wave v[subscript C] Lags i[subscript C] by 90[degree] | p. 518 |

X[subscript C] and R in Series | p. 519 |

RC Phase-Shifter Circuit | p. 522 |

X[subscript C] and R in Parallel | p. 524 |

RF and AF Coupling Capacitors | p. 527 |

Capacitive Voltage Dividers | p. 528 |

The General Case of Capacitive Current i[subscript C] | p. 530 |

Summary and Review | p. 531 |

Review: Chapters 17 to 19 | p. 537 |

Inductance | p. 540 |

Induction by Alternating Current | p. 542 |

Self-Inductance L | p. 543 |

Self-Induced Voltage v[subscript L] | p. 546 |

How v[subscript L] Opposes a Change in Current | p. 547 |

Mutual Inductance L[subscript M] | p. 548 |

Transformers | p. 552 |

Transformer Ratings | p. 558 |

Impedance Transformation | p. 563 |

Core Losses | p. 567 |

Types of Cores | p. 568 |

Variable Inductance | p. 569 |

Inductances in Series or Parallel | p. 570 |

Stray Inductance | p. 573 |

Energy in Magnetic Field of Inductance | p. 573 |

Troubles in Coils | p. 575 |

Summary and Review | p. 577 |

Inductive Reactance | p. 584 |

How X[subscript L] Reduces the Amount of I | p. 586 |

X[subscript L] = 2[pi]fL | p. 587 |

Series or Parallel Inductive Reactances | p. 591 |

Ohm's Law Applied to X[subscript L] | p. 592 |

Applications of X[subscript L] for Different Frequencies | p. 593 |

Waveshape of v[subscript L] Induced by Sine-Wave Current | p. 594 |

Summary and Review | p. 599 |

Inductive Circuits | p. 604 |

Sine-Wave i[subscript L] Lags v[subscript L] by 90[degree] | p. 606 |

X[subscript L] and R in Series | p. 607 |

Impedance Z Triangle | p. 610 |

X[subscript L] and R in Parallel | p. 613 |

Q of a Coil | p. 617 |

AF and RF Chokes | p. 619 |

The General Case of Inductive Voltage | p. 621 |

Summary and Review | p. 624 |

Rc and L/R Time Constants | p. 630 |

Response of Resistance Alone | p. 632 |

L/R Time Constant | p. 632 |

High Voltage Produced by Opening an RL Circuit | p. 634 |

RC Time Constant | p. 636 |

RC Charge and Discharge Curves | p. 639 |

High Current Produced by Short-circuiting RC Circuit | p. 640 |

RC Waveshapes | p. 642 |

Long and Short Time Constants | p. 644 |

Charge and Discharge with Short RC Time Constant | p. 645 |

Long Time Constant for RC Coupling Circuit | p. 647 |

Universal Time Constant Graph | p. 648 |

Comparison of Reactance and Time Constant | p. 653 |

Summary and Review | p. 655 |

Review: Chapters 20 to 23 | p. 661 |

Alternating Current Circuits | p. 664 |

AC Circuits with Resistance but No Reactance | p. 666 |

Circuits with X[subscript L] Alone | p. 667 |

Circuits with X[subscript C] Alone | p. 668 |

Opposite Reactances Cancel | p. 669 |

Series Reactance and Resistance | p. 671 |

Parallel Reactance and Resistance | p. 674 |

Series-Parallel Reactance and Resistance | p. 676 |

Real Power | p. 677 |

AC Meters | p. 680 |

Wattmeters | p. 681 |

Summary of Types of Ohms in AC Circuits | p. 682 |

Summary of Types of Phasors in AC Circuits | p. 683 |

Summary and Review | p. 686 |

Complex Numbers for AC Circuits | p. 690 |

Positive and Negative Numbers | p. 692 |

The j Operator | p. 692 |

Definition of a Complex Number | p. 694 |

How Complex Numbers Are Applied to AC Circuits | p. 695 |

Impedance in Complex Form | p. 696 |

Operations with Complex Numbers | p. 698 |

Magnitude and Angle of a Complex Number | p. 700 |

Polar Form of Complex Numbers | p. 701 |

Converting Polar to Rectangular Form | p. 703 |

Complex Numbers in Series AC Circuits | p. 705 |

Complex Numbers in Parallel AC Circuits | p. 708 |

Combining Two Complex Branch Impedances | p. 710 |

Combining Complex Branch Currents | p. 711 |

Parallel Circuit with Three Complex Branches | p. 712 |

Summary and Review | p. 715 |

Review: Chapters 24 and 25 | p. 720 |

Resonance | p. 722 |

The Resonance Effect | p. 724 |

Series Resonance | p. 725 |

Parallel Resonance | p. 728 |

Resonant Frequency f[subscript r] = 1/(2[pi][characters not reproducible]LC) | p. 732 |

Q Magnification Factor of Resonant Circuit | p. 736 |

Bandwidth of Resonant Circuit | p. 740 |

Tuning | p. 744 |

Mistuning | p. 746 |

Analysis of Parallel Resonant Circuits | p. 747 |

Damping of Parallel Resonant Circuits | p. 749 |

Choosing L and C for a Resonant Circuit | p. 751 |

Summary and Review | p. 752 |

Filters | p. 758 |

Examples of Filtering | p. 760 |

Direct Current Combined with Alternating Current | p. 760 |

Transformer Coupling | p. 763 |

Capacitive Coupling | p. 764 |

Bypass Capacitors | p. 767 |

Filter Circuits | p. 770 |

Low-Pass Filters | p. 771 |

High-Pass Filters | p. 773 |

Analyzing Filter Circuits | p. 774 |

Decibels and Frequency Response Curves | p. 784 |

Resonant Filters | p. 791 |

Interference Filters | p. 794 |

Summary and Review | p. 795 |

Review: Chapters 26 and 27 | p. 801 |

Electronic Devices | p. 804 |

Semiconductors | p. 806 |

The PN Junction | p. 811 |

Semiconductor Diodes | p. 816 |

PNP and NPN Transistors | p. 818 |

Field-Effect Transistor (FET) | p. 823 |

Testing Diodes and Thyristors | p. 827 |

Summary and Review | p. 830 |

Electronic Circuits | p. 834 |

Analog and Digital Signals | p. 836 |

Amplifier Gain | p. 838 |

Characteristics of Amplifier Circuits | p. 841 |

Oscillators | p. 847 |

Multivibrators | p. 850 |

Modulation | p. 853 |

Diode Rectifiers | p. 857 |

Troubleshooting the DC Supply Voltage | p. 860 |

Summary and Review | p. 864 |

Transistor Amplifiers | p. 868 |

Circuit Configurations | p. 870 |

Class A, B, or C Operation | p. 873 |

Analysis of Common-Emitter (CE) Amplifier | p. 875 |

Collector Characteristic Curves | p. 879 |

Letter Symbols for Transistors | p. 881 |

FET Amplifiers | p. 882 |

Troubleshooting Amplifier Circuits | p. 884 |

Summary and Review | p. 888 |

Review: Chapters 28 to 30 | p. 890 |

Digital Electronics | p. 892 |

Comparing Binary and Decimal Numbers | p. 894 |

Decimal to Binary Conversion | p. 896 |

Hexadecimal Numbers | p. 896 |

Binary Coded Decimal System | p. 900 |

The ASCII Code | p. 901 |

Logic Gates, Symbols, and Truth Tables | p. 902 |

Boolean Algebra | p. 906 |

DeMorgan's Theorem | p. 909 |

Active high/Active low Terminology | p. 912 |

Treating Unused Inputs on Logic Gates | p. 914 |

Combinational Logic Circuits | p. 915 |

Flip-Flops | p. 918 |

Binary Counters | p. 922 |

New Logic Symbols | p. 925 |

Summary and Review | p. 927 |

Integrated Circuits | p. 932 |

Operational Amplifiers and Their Characteristics | p. 934 |

Op Amp Circuits | p. 941 |

Summary and Review | p. 950 |

Review: Chapters 31 and 32 | p. 953 |

Electrical Symbols and Abbreviations | p. 955 |

Solder and the Soldering Process | p. 957 |

Schematic Symbols | p. 964 |

Using the Oscilloscope | p. 966 |

Glossary | p. 981 |

Answers to Self-Tests | p. 988 |

Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems and Critical Thinking Problems | p. 992 |

Index | p. 1002 |

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