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    Society The Basics

    ISBN-10: 0205003788
    ISBN-13: 9780205003785
    Edition: 11th 2011
    Author(s): John J. Macionis
    List price: $139.33
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    List Price: $139.33
    Edition: 11th
    Copyright Year: 2011
    Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
    Publication Date: 9/23/2010
    Binding: Paperback
    Pages: 576
    Size: 9.00" wide x 11.00" long x 0.75" tall
    Weight: 2.574
    Language: English

    In This Section
    Brief Table of Contents
    Sociology: Perspective, Theory, and Method
    Socialization: From Infancy to Old Age
    Social Interaction in Everyday Life
    Groups and Organizations
    Sexuality and Society
    Social Stratification
    Global Stratification
    Gender Stratification
    Race and Ethnicity
    Economics and Politics
    Family and Religion
    Education, Health, and Medicine
    Population, Urbanization, and Environment
    Social Change: Modern and Postmodern Societies
    Comprehensive Table of Contents
    Sociology: Perspective, Theory, and Method
    The Sociological Perspective
    Seeing the General in the Particular
    Seeing the Strange in the Familiar
    Seeing Society in Our Everyday Lives
    Seeing Sociologically: Marginality and Crisis
    The Importance of a Global Perspective
    Applying the Sociological Perspective
    Sociology and Public Policy
    Sociology and Personal Growth
    Careers: the "Sociology Advantage"
    The Origins of Sociology
    Social Change and Sociology
    Science and Sociology
    Sociological Theory
    Seeing Sociology in the News "In Poor Economy, Laid-off Workers Flocking to Community Colleges"
    The Structural-Functional Approach
    The Social-Conflict Approach
    Feminism and the Gender-Conflict Approach
    The Race-Conflict Approach
    The Symbolic-Interaction Approach
    Three Ways to Do Sociology
    Positivist Sociology
    Interpretive Sociology
    Critical Sociology
    Research Orientations and Theory
    Gender and Research
    Research Ethics
    Research Methods
    Testing a Hypothesis: the Experiment
    Asking Questions: Survey Research
    In the Field: Participant Observation
    Using Available Data: Existing Sources
    Putting It All Together: Ten Steps in Sociological Research
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    What Is Culture?
    Culture and Human Intelligence
    How Many Cultures?
    The Elements of Culture
    Values and Beliefs
    Ideal and Real Culture
    Technology and Culture
    Hunting and Gathering
    Horticulture and Pastoralism
    Postindustrial Information Technology
    Cultural Diversity
    High Culture and Popular Culture
    Cultural Change
    Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism
    Seeing Sociology in the News "US Troops Train for Both Combat and Conversation"
    A Global Culture?
    Theoretical Analysis of Culture
    The Functions of Culture: Structural-Functional Analysis
    Inequality and Culture: Social-Conflict Analysis
    Evolution and Culture: Sociobiology
    Culture and Human Freedom
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Socialization: From Infancy to Old Age
    Social Experience: the Key to Our Humanity
    Human Development: Nature and Nurture
    Social Isolation
    Understanding Socialization
    Sigmund Freuds's Elements of Personality
    Jean Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
    Lawrence Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development
    Carol Gilligan's Theory of Gender and Moral Development
    George Herbert Mead's Theory of the Social Self
    Erik H. Erikson's Eight Stages of Development
    Agents of Socialization
    The Family
    The School
    The Peer Group
    The Mass Media
    Seeing Sociology in the News "The Children of Cyberspace: Old Fogies by Their Twenties"
    Socialization and the Life Course
    Old Age
    Death and Dying
    The Life Course: Patterns and Variations
    Resocialization: Total Institutions
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Social Interaction in Everyday Life
    Social Structure: A Guide to Everyday Living
    Ascribed and Achieved Status
    Master Status
    Role Conflict and Role Strain
    Role Exit
    The Social Construction of Reality
    Seeing Sociology in the News "For Teenagers, Hello Means 'How about a Hug?'"
    "Street Smarts"
    The Thomas Theorem
    Reality Building: Class and Culture
    Dramaturgical Analysis: the "Presentation of Self"
    Nonverbal Communication
    Gender Performances
    Embarrassment and Tact
    Interaction in Everyday Life: Three Applications
    Emotions: the Social Construction of Feeling
    Language: the Social Construction of Gender
    Reality Play: the Social Construction of Humor
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Groups and Organizations
    Social Groups
    Primary and Secondary Groups
    Group Leadership
    Group Conformity
    Reference Groups
    In-Groups and Out-Groups
    Group Size
    Social Diversity: Race, Class, and Gender
    Formal Organizations
    Types of Organizations
    Origins of Formal Organizations
    Characteristics of Bureaucracy
    Organizational Environment
    The Informal Side of Bureaucracy
    Problems of Bureaucracy
    Seeing Sociology in the News "Professor Suspended after Joke about Killing Students on Facebook"
    The Evolution of Formal Organizations
    Scientific Management
    The First Challenge: Race and Gender
    The Second Challenge: the Japanese Work Organization
    The Third Challenge: the Changing Nature of Work
    The "McDonaldization" of Society
    The Future of Organizations: Opposing Trends
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Sexuality and Society
    Understanding Sexuality
    Sex: A Biological Issue
    Sex and the Body
    Sex: A Cultural Issue
    The Incest Taboo
    Sexual Attitudes in the United States
    The Sexual Revolution
    The Sexual Counterrevolution
    Premarital Sex
    Sex Between Adults
    Extramarital Sex
    Sex over the Life Course
    Sexual Orientation
    What Gives Us a Sexual Orientation?
    How Many Gay People Are There?
    The Gay Rights Movement
    Seeing Sociology in the News "Making a Prom Date Changes His Fate"
    Sexual Issues and Controversies
    Teen Pregnancy
    Sexual Violence: Rape and Date Rape
    Theoretical Analysis of Sexuality
    Structural-Functional Analysis
    Symbolic-Interaction Analysis
    Social-Conflict and Feminist Analysis
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Sample Test Questions
    What is Deviance?
    Social Control
    The Biological Context
    Personality Factors
    The Social Foundation of Deviance
    The Functions of Deviance: Structural-Functional Analysis
    Durkheim's Basic Insight
    Merton's Strain Theory
    Deviant Subcultures
    Labeling Deviance: Symbolic-Interaction Analysis
    Seeing Sociology in the News "Ex-Employees Turn to Cyber Crime after Layoffs"
    Labeling Theory
    The Medicalization of Deviance
    Sutherland's Differential Association Theory
    Hirschi's Control Theory
    Deviance and Inequality: Social-Conflict Analysis
    Deviance and Power
    Deviance and Capitalism
    White-Collar Crime
    Organized Crime
    Deviance, Race, and Gender
    Hate Crimes
    The Feminist Perspective: Deviance and Gender
    Types of Crime
    Criminal Statistics
    The Street Criminal: A Profile
    Crime in Global Perspective
    The U.S. Criminal Justice System
    Due Process
    The Death Penalty
    Community-Based Corrections
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Social Stratification
    What is Social Stratification?
    Caste and Class Systems
    The Caste System
    The Class System
    Caste and Class: the United Kingdom
    Classless Societies? the Former Soviet Union
    China: Emerging Social Classes
    Ideology: the Power Behind Stratification
    The Functions of Social Stratification
    The Davis-Moore Thesis
    Stratification and Conflict
    Karl Marx: Class Conflict
    Why No Marxist Revolution?
    Max Weber: Class, Status, and Power
    Stratification and Interaction
    Stratification and Technology: A Global Perspective
    Hunting and Gathering Societies
    Horticultural, Pastoral, and Agrarian Societies
    Industrial Societies
    The Kuznets Curve
    Inequality in the United States
    Income, Wealth, and Power
    Occupational Prestige
    Ancestry, Race, and Gender
    Social Classes in the United States
    The Upper Class
    The Middle Class
    The Working Class
    The Lower Class
    The Difference Class Makes
    Values and Attitudes
    Family and Gender
    Social Mobility
    Myth versus Reality
    Mobility by Income Level
    Mobility: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
    Mobility and Marriage
    The American Dream: Still a Reality?
    Seeing Sociology in the News "Waking Up from American Dreams"
    The Global Economy and U.S. Class Structure
    Poverty in the United States
    The Extent of Poverty
    Who Are the Poor?
    Explaining Poverty
    The Working Poor
    Class, Welfare, Politics, and Values
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Global Stratification
    Global Stratification: An Overview
    A World about Terminology
    High-Income Countries
    Middle-Income Countries
    Low-Income Countries
    Global Wealth and Poverty
    The Severity of Poverty
    The Extent of Poverty
    Poverty and Children
    Seeing Sociology in the News "The Child Catchers"
    Poverty and Women
    Explanations of Global Poverty
    Global Stratification: Theoretical Analysis
    Modernization Theory
    Dependency Theory
    Global Stratification: Looking Ahead
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Gender Stratification
    Gender and Inequality
    Male-Female Differences
    Gender in Global Perspective
    Patriarchy and Sexism
    Gender and Socialization
    Gender and the Family
    Gender and the Peer Group
    Gender and Schooling
    Gender and the Mass Media
    Gender and Social Stratification
    Working Women and Men
    Seeing Sociology in the News "Women on Board: Breaking the 'Bamboo Ceiling'"
    Gender, Income, and Wealth
    Housework: Women's "Second Shift"
    Gender and Education
    Gender and Politics
    Gender and the Military
    Are Women a Minority?
    Minority Women: Intersection Theory
    Violence against Women
    Violence against Men
    Sexual Harassment
    Theoretical Analysis of Gender
    Structural-Functional Analysis
    Social-Conflict Analysis
    Basic Feminist Ideas
    Types of Feminism
    Opposition to Feminism
    Gender: Looking Ahead
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Race and Ethnicity
    Prejudice and Stereotypes
    Measuring Prejudice: the Social Distance Scale
    Theories of Prejudice
    Seeing Sociology in the News "In Job Hunt, College Degree Can't Close Racial Gap"
    Institutional Prejudice and Discrimination
    Prejudice and Discrimination: the Vicious Circle
    Majority and Minority: Patterns of Interaction
    Race and Ethnicity in the United States
    Native Americans
    White Anglo-Saxon Protestants
    African Americans
    Asian Americans
    Hispanic Americans/Latinos
    Arab Americans
    White Ethnic Americans
    Race and Ethnicity: Looking Ahead
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Economics and Politics
    The Economy: Historical Overview
    The Agricultural Revolution
    The Industrial Revolution
    The Information Revolution and Postindustrial Society
    Sectors of the Economy
    The Global Economy
    Economic Systems: Paths to Justice
    Welfare Capitalism and State Capitalism
    Relative Advantages of Capitalism and Socialism
    Changes in Socialist and Capitalist Countries
    Work in the Postindustrial U.S. Economy
    The Changing Workplace
    Labor Unions
    Unemployment and Underemployment
    Workplace Diversity: Race and Gender
    New Information Technology and Work
    Economic Concentration
    Conglomerates and Corporate Linkages
    Corporation: Are They Competitive?
    Corporations and the Global Economy
    The Economy: Looking Ahead
    Politics: Historical Overview
    Politics in Global Perspective
    A Global Political System?
    Politics in the United States
    U.S. Culture and the Rise of the Welfare State
    The Political Spectrum
    Party Identification
    Special-Interest Groups
    Voter Apathy
    Should Convicted Criminals Vote?
    Theoretical Analysis of Power in Society
    The Pluralist Mode: the People Rule
    The Power-Elite Model: A Few People Rule
    The Marxist Model: the System Is Biased
    Power beyond the Rules
    War and Peace
    The Causes of War
    Social Class and the Military
    Seeing Sociology in the News "GI Jane Breaks the Combat Barrier"
    Is Terrorism a New Kind of War?
    The Costs and Causes of Militarism
    Nuclear Weapons
    Mass Media and War
    Pursuing Peace
    Politics: Looking Ahead
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Family and Religion
    Family: Basic Concepts
    Family: Global Variations
    Marriage Patterns
    Residential Patterns
    Patterns of Descent
    Patterns of Authority
    Theoretical Analysis of Families
    Functions of Family: Structural-Functional Analysis
    Inequality and Family: Social-Conflict and Feminist Analysis
    Constructing Family Life: Micro-Level Analysis
    Stages of Family Life
    Courtship and Romantic Love
    Seeing Sociology in the News "Prenuptial Agreements: Unromantic, but Necessary"
    Settling In: Ideal and Real Marriage
    Child Rearing
    The Family in Later Life
    U.S. Families: Class, Race, and Gender
    Social Class
    Ethnicity and Race
    Transitions and Problems in Family Life
    Remarriage and Blended Families
    Family Violence
    Alternative Family Forms
    One-Parent Families
    Gay and Lesbian Couples
    New Reproductive Technologies and Family
    Families: Looking Ahead
    Religion: Basic Concepts
    Theoretical Analysis of Religion
    Functions of Religion: Structural-Functional Analysis
    Constructing the Sacred: Symbolic-Interaction Analysis
    Inequality and Religion: Social-Conflict Analysis
    Religion and Social Change
    Max Weber: Protestantism and Capitalism
    Liberation Theology
    Types of Religious Organization
    Religion in History
    Religion in the United States
    Religious Commitment
    Religion: Class, Ethnicity, and Race
    Religion in a Changing Society
    Changing Affiliation
    Civil Religion
    "New Age" Seekers: Spirituality without Formal Religion
    Religious Revival: "Good Old-Time Religion"
    Religion: Looking Ahead
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Makin the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Education, Health, and Medicine
    Education: A Global Survey
    Schooling and Economic Development
    Schooling in India
    Schooling in Japan
    Schooling in the United States
    The Functions of Schooling
    Schooling and Social Interaction
    The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
    Schooling and Social Inequality
    Public and Private Education
    Access to Higher Education
    Greater Opportunity: Expanding Higher Education
    Seeing Sociology in the News "New Meaning for Night Classes at Two-Year Colleges"
    Privilege and Personal Merit
    Problems in the Schools
    Discipline and Violence
    Student Passivity
    Dropping Out
    Academic Standards
    Grade Inflation
    Issues in U.S. Education
    School Choice
    Home Schooling
    Schooling People with Disabilities
    Adult Education
    The Teacher Shortage
    Schooling: Looking Ahead
    Health and Medicine
    Health and Society
    Health: A Global Survey
    Health in Low-Income Countries
    Health in High-Income Countries
    Health in the United States
    Who Is Healthy? Age, Gender, Class, and Race
    Cigarette Smoking
    Eating Disorders
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    Ethical Issues Surrounding Death
    The Medical Establishment
    The Rise of Scientific Medicine
    Holistic Medicine
    Paying for Medical Care: the United States
    The Nursing Shortage
    Theoretical Analysis of Health and Medicine
    Structural-Functional Analysis: Role Theory
    Symbolic-Interaction Analysis: the Meaning of Health
    Social-Conflict and Feminist Analysis
    Health and Medicine: Looking Ahead
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Population, Urbanization, and Environment
    Demography: the Study of Population
    Population Growth
    Population Composition
    History and Theory of Population Growth
    Malthusian Theory
    Demographic Transition Theory
    Global Population Today: A Brief Summary
    Urbanization: the Growth of Cities
    The Evolution of Cities
    The Growth of U.S. Cities
    Suburbs and Urban Decline
    Sunbelt Cities and Urban Sprawl
    Megalopolis: the Regional City
    Edge Cities
    The Rural Rebound
    Urbanism as a Way of Life
    Ferdinand Tönnies: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
    Emile Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
    Georg Simmel: the Blasÿ Urbanite
    The Chicago School: Robert Park and Louis Wirth
    Urban Ecology
    Urban Political Economy
    Urbanization in Poor Nations
    Environment and Society
    The Global Dimension
    Technology and the Environmental Deficit
    Seeing Sociology in the News "Boyz Under the Hood"
    Culture: Growth and Limits
    Solid Waste: the Disposable Society
    Water and Air
    The Rain Forests
    Environmental Racism
    Looking Ahead: Toward a Sustainable Society and World
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary
    Social Change: Modern and Postmodern Societies
    What Is Social Change?
    Causes of Social Change
    Culture and Change
    Conflict and Change
    Ideas and Change
    Demographic Change
    Social Movements and Change
    Seeing Sociology in the News "Facebook Helps Spark Movements"
    Disasters: Unexpected Change
    Ferdinand Tönnies: the Loss of Community
    Emile Durkheim: the Division of Labor
    Max Weber: Rationalization
    Karl Marx: Capitalism
    Structural-Functional Analysis: Modernity as Mass Society
    The Mass Scale of Modern Life
    The Ever Expanding State
    Social-Conflict Analysis: Modernity as Class Society
    Persistent Inequality
    Modernity and the Individual
    Mass Society: Problems of Identity
    Class Society: Problems of Powerlessness
    Modernity and Progress
    Modernity: Global Variation
    Looking Ahead: Modernization and Our Global Future
    Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life
    Making the Grade
    Visual Summary

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