In recent years, Africa has emerged as a dominant region in Chinaâ€™s foreign policy. As an emerging center of economic growth in the world economy, China is striving towards establishing a stronger footprint in Africa than ever before. The need to understand this rapprochement has been exacerbated by the current financial crisis. With focus on agricultural trade, this book uses empirical data spanning up to year end 2007 to explain the potential benefits of China growing trade in Africa on South Africaâ€™s economy. The studies cover both China and South Africaâ€™s positions as importer and exporter of agricultural products in each otherâ€™s markets. In doing so, they have carefully analyzed data from Chinese and South African sources. In order to give a fresh perspective to the analyses, a section of the work has been devoted to the nature of non-tariff barriers that face South Africaâ€™s exporters into the Chinese market.