The importance of protecting children from all forms of abuse, exploitation and neglect in the context of play and sport has emerged into widened awareness in recent years, As highlighted by the United Nations Study on Violence against Children and raised in the media and other forums. Following up on this area of the UN study, UNICEF IRC has undertaken research to highlight the need for effective strategies that promote the right to 'play safe'. This Innocenti Digest reviews research findings on the discrimination and violence experienced by children in the sports setting. it examines successful prevention strategies with a view to improving the safety of children in competitive sport as well as recreational activities. The study is being prepared in partnership with international experts in the field of sports and child rights, and with representatives of the Committee on the Rights of the Child, The International Olympic Committee and various sports federations.