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    Why Peace Fails The Causes and Prevention of Civil War Recurrence

    ISBN-10: 158901894X
    ISBN-13: 9781589018945
    Author(s): Call
    Description: Why does peace fail? More precisely, why do some countries that show every sign of having successfully emerged from civil war fall once again into armed conflict? What explains why peace "sticks" after some wars but not others?In this illuminating  More...
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    Publisher: Georgetown University Press
    Binding: Paperback
    Pages: 328
    Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
    Weight: 1.364
    Language: English

    Why does peace fail? More precisely, why do some countries that show every sign of having successfully emerged from civil war fall once again into armed conflict? What explains why peace "sticks" after some wars but not others?In this illuminating study, Charles T. Call examines the factors behind fifteen cases of civil war recurrence in Africa, Asia, the Caucasus, and Latin America. He argues that widely touted explanations of civil war -- such as poverty, conflict over natural resources, and weak states -- are far less important than political exclusion. Call's study shows that inclusion of former opponents in postwar governance plays a decisive role in sustained peace.Why Peace Fails ultimately suggests that the international community should resist the temptation to prematurely withdraw resources and peacekeepers after a transition from war. Instead, international actors must remain fully engaged with postwar elected governments, ensuring that they make room for former enemies.

    List of Tables
    Acknowledgments
    Introduction: The Tragedy of Civil War Recurrence
    The Importance of This Book
    The Central Argument
    Contributions to Theory
    Research Design and Methodology
    Organization of the Book
    Notes
    Why Peace Fails: Theory
    What Do We Know about Why Peace Fails?
    What We Know about Civil Wars and Ethnic Conflict
    Four Approaches to Peacebuilding
    Clarifying Concepts: Exclusion, Inclusion, and Legitimacy
    Conclusion
    Notes
    Is Civil War Recurrence Distinct from Its Onset? A Quantitative Analysis and the Limits Thereof
    A Regression Analysis of Civil War Recurrence
    The Contributions and Limitations of Quantitative Methods for Studying Civil Wars
    Conclusion
    Notes
    Examining the Cases
    Liberia: Exclusion and Civil War Recurrence
    The First Civil War
    The Onset of Peace
    The Second Civil War: A Brief Summary
    Charles Taylor's Exclusionary Behavior
    Alternative Explanations
    Insights from Liberia's Second Postwar Peace Process
    Conclusion
    Notes
    Separatist Recurrences of Civil War
    Sudan: The Marginalization of the South
    Chechnya: Reneging and Resistance
    Georgia and South Ossetia: Integration Backfires
    China and Tibet: Compelled from Autonomy
    Analyzing Cases of Reneging on Territorial Autonomy
    Notes
    Nonseparatist Recurrences of Civil War
    Precipitating Exclusionary Behavior
    The Central African Republic: Exclusion and State Weakness
    Haiti: Political Exclusion and Recurrence
    East Timor: Liberation, Statehood, and Exclusion
    Zimbabwe: Liberation, Statehood, and Exclusion
    Burundi and Rwanda: Chronic Exclusionary Behavior
    Alternative Explanations and Conclusions
    Notes
    Recurrences That Defy the Argument
    Lebanon: Failed Powersharing
    Mali: Failed Powersharing
    Nicaragua: Externally Driven Recurrence
    Peru: Exclusion, Coca, and Rebel Resurgence
    Conclusion
    Notes
    Making Peace Stick: Inclusionary Politics and Twenty-Seven Nonrecurrent Civil Wars
    Inclusion, Powersharing, and Peacebuilding Success
    Powersharing and Peace Consolidation: Examining the Pool of Cases
    Beyond Powersharing: Inclusionary Behavior and Peace
    Peace and Exclusionary Behavior?
    International Troops and "Frozen" Conflicts
    Notes
    Implications for Theory and Practice
    Conclusions for Theory: Legitimacy-Focused Peacebuilding
    The Main Findings of the Book
    Rethinking the Aims and Approaches of Peacebuilding
    Addressing Limitations
    Notes
    Conclusions for Policy and Practice: Can External Actors Build Legitimacy after War?
    Why Legitimacy Building Is Exceptionally Difficult
    Beyond Blanket Inclusionary Formulas: Four "Moments" for Key Choices and External Strategy
    Conclusion
    Notes
    References
    Index

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