This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1885 edition. Excerpt: ...or self-reflection; that would More...
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1885 edition. Excerpt: ...or self-reflection; that would be giving far too much weight to the subjective side of the conception evepyeia. Aristotle's theory rather comes to this, that the chief good for man is to be found in life itself. Life, according to his philosophy, is no means to anything ulterior; in the words of Goethe, 'Life itself is the end of life.' The very use of the term evipyeia, as part of the definition of happiness, shows, as Aristotle tells us, that he regards the chief good as nothing external to man, but as existing in man and for man--existing in the evocation, the vividness, and the fruition of man's own powers.38 Let that be called out into ' actuality' which is potential or latent in man, and happiness is the result. Avoiding then any overstrained application of the term 'consciousness, ' and aiming rather at paraphrase than translation, it may be useful to notice one or two places in which the term ivipyeia occurs. Eth. I. x. 2. Apd ye Koi ecrriv evSalp, cov Tots eireiSav airoOdin);"H Tovto ye TrainsKtos aroTrov, aWcoy re /cat Tois Xeyovaiv yp.iv Ivspyeidv riva Tt)v siBaifiovtav; ' Is a man then happy, after he is dead? Or is not this altogether absurd, especially for us who call happiness a conscious state?' I. x. 9. Kvpiai 8' elaiv ai tear aperrjv ivepyeiai 7v/? ev&aifiovias. 'Happiness depends (not on fortune, but) on harmonious-moods of mind.' I. X. 15. TV ovv -a)vet syeiv evhaipova Tov Kut dpsrrjv reXeiav evepyovpra, K.t.x, 'What hinders us calling him happy whose mind is moving in perfect harmony?' VII. xiv. 8. Ato o Beos del filar Kai dirrjv yaipei rjSovijv ov yap fiovov Kiv/josws iariv evepyeia, dWd teal dict.vi)oias. 'God is in the fruition of one pure pleasure everlastingly. For deep consciousness is possible, not only of...
Aristotle, 384 B.C. - 322 B. C. Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, in 384 B.C. At the age of 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy, where he remained for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347 B.C., Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his, Hermias, was ruler. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians in 345 B.C., Aristotle went to Pella, the Macedonian capital, where he became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athens and established his own school, the Lyceum Aristotle's works were lost in the West after the decline of Rome, but during the 9th Century A.D., Arab scholars introduced Aristotle, in Arabic translation, to the Islamic world. In the 13th Century, the Latin West renewed its interest in Aristotle's work, and Saint Thomas Aquinas found in it a philosophical foundation for Christian thought. The influence of Aristotle's philosophy has been pervasive; it has even helped to shape modern language and common sense. Aristotle died in 322 B.C.