Settlements Established In 1784 Asheville, North Carolina
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 138. Not illustrated. Chapters: Asheville, North Carolina. Excerpt: Asheville, North Carolina - Before the arrival More...
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Publisher: General Books LLC
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.33" tall
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 138. Not illustrated. Chapters: Asheville, North Carolina. Excerpt: Asheville, North Carolina - Before the arrival of Europeans, the land where Asheville now exists lay within the boundaries of the Cherokee Nation. In 1540, Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto came to the area, bringing the first European visitors in addition to European diseases which seriously depleted the native population. The area was used as an open hunting ground until the middle of the 19th century. The history of Asheville, as a town, begins in 1784. In that year, Colonel Samuel Davidson and his family settled in the Swannanoa Valley, redeeming a soldier's land grant from the state of North Carolina. Soon after building a log cabin at the bank of Christian Creek, Davidson was lured into the woods by a band of Cherokee hunters and killed. Davidson's wife, child and female slave fled on foot to Davidson's Fort (named after Davidson's father General John Davidson) 16 miles away. In response to the killing, Davidson's twin brother Major William Davidson and brother-in-law Colonel Daniel Smith formed an expedition to retrieve Samuel Davidson's body and avenge his murder. Months after the expedition, Major Davidson and other members of his extended family returned to the area and settled at the mouth of Bee Tree Creek. The United States Census of 1790 counted 1,000 residents of the area, excluding the Cherokee. Buncombe County was officially formed in 1792. The county seat, named Morristown in 1793, was established on a plateau where two old Indian trails crossed. In 1797, Morristown was incorporated and renamed Asheville after North Carolina Governor Samuel Ashe. Asheville, with a population of approximately 2,500 by 1861, remained relatively untouched by the Civil War, but contributed a number of companies to the Confederate States Army, and a substantially sm...