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    Experimental Psychology

    ISBN-10: 0534634419
    ISBN-13: 9780534634414
    Author(s): Anne Myers, Christine H. Hansen
    Description: Focusing on experimental methods, authors Anne Myers and Christine Hansen lead students step by step through the entire research process, from generating testable hypotheses to writing the research report. The major sections of the book parallel the  More...
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    Edition: 6th
    Publisher: Wadsworth
    Binding: Hardcover
    Pages: 624
    Size: 7.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
    Weight: 2.684
    Language: English

    Focusing on experimental methods, authors Anne Myers and Christine Hansen lead students step by step through the entire research process, from generating testable hypotheses to writing the research report. The major sections of the book parallel the major sections of a research report (Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion), giving students the skills they'll need to design and conduct an experiment, analyze and interpret the research findings, and report those findings. Although the main focus is on experimentation, alternative approaches are discussed as important complements.

    Anne Myers received her Ph.D. from the New School for Social Research.

    Christine Hansen is currently Associate Professor of Psychology at Oakland University. She received her Ph.D. from Michigan State University. Her professional affiliations include the American Psychological Society, Midwestern Psychological Association, Golden Key National Honor Society, Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society, Sigma XI National Scientific Research Honor Society, and Society for Experimental Social Psychology. Her research interests are varied, and include behavioral and personality effects of popular music, contemporary media, emotive information processing, and bioinformatics and has been funded by NSF and NIH.

    Introduction
    Experimental Psychology and the Scientific Method
    The Need for Scientific Methodology
    The Characteristics of Modern Science
    The Objectives of Psychological Science
    The Tools of Psychological Science
    Scientific Explanation in Psychological Science
    The Organization of the Text
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Research Ethics
    Research Ethics
    The American Psychological Association Guidelines
    Protecting the Welfare of Animal Subjects
    Fraud in Science
    Plagiarism
    Ethical Reports
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Alternatives to Experimentation: Nonexperimental Designs
    Describing Research Activities
    Phenomenology
    Case Studies
    Field Studies
    Archival Study
    Qualitative Research
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Alternatives to Experimentation: Surveys and Interviews
    Survey Research
    Constructing Surveys
    Measuring Responses
    Important Considerations for Survey Items
    Collecting Survey Data
    Evaluating Surveys and Survey Data
    Sampling
    Probability Sampling
    Nonprobability Sampling
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Alternatives to Experimentation: Correlational and Quasi-Experimental Designs
    Correlational Designs
    Causal Modeling
    Quasi-Experimental Designs
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Formulating the Hypothesis
    The Characteristics of an Experimental Hypothesis
    The Inductive Model
    The Deductive Model
    Combining Induction and Deduction
    Building on Prior Research
    Serendipity and the Windfall Hypothesis
    Intuition
    When All Else Fails
    Searching the Research Literature
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Method
    The Basics of Experimentation
    Independent and Dependent Variables
    Operational Definitions
    Evaluating Operational Definitions
    Planning the Method Section
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Solving Problems: Controlling Extraneous Variables
    Physical Variables
    Social Variables
    Personality Variables
    Context Variables
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Basic Between-Subjects Designs
    Selecting and Recruiting Subjects
    One Independent Variable: Two Group Designs
    Two Independent Groups
    Two Matched Groups
    Multiple Groups
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Between-Subjects Factorial Designs
    More Than One Independent Variable
    Laying Out a Factorial Design
    A Research Example
    Choosing a Between-Subjects Design
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Within-Subjects Designs
    A Within-Subjects Experiment: Homophone Priming of Proper Names
    Within-Subjects Factorial Designs
    Mixed Designs
    Advantages of Within-Subjects Designs
    Disadvantages of Within-Subjects Designs
    Controlling Within-Subjects Designs
    How Can You Choose a Design?
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Within-Subjects Designs: Small N
    Small N Designs
    ABA Designs
    Multiple Baseline Design
    Changing Criterion Designs
    Discrete Trials Designs
    When to Use Large N and Small N Designs
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Results: Coping with Data
    Why We Need Statistics
    The Argument for Using Statistics
    Weighing the Evidence
    Statistical Inference: An Overview
    Applying Statistical Inference: An Example
    Going Beyond Testing the Null Hypothesis
    The Odds of Finding Significance
    Test Statistics
    Organizing and Summarizing Data
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Analyzing Results
    Which Test Do I Use?
    Statistics for Two Group Experiments
    The Chi Square Test
    The t Test
    Analyzing Multiple Groups and Factorial Experiments
    Analysis of Variance
    Sources of Variability
    A One-Way Between-Subjects Analysis of Variance
    One-Way Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance
    Analyzing Data from a Between-Subjects Factorial Experiment
    Two-Way Analysis of Variance
    Repeated Measures and Mixed Factorial Designs
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Discussion
    Drawing Conclusions: The Search for the Elusive Bottom Line
    Evaluating the Experiment from the Inside: Internal Validity
    Taking a Broader Perspective: The Problem of External Validity
    Handling a Nonsignificant Outcome
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Writing the Research Report
    The Written Report: Purpose and Format
    Major Sections
    Looking at a Journal Article
    Preparing Your Manuscript: Procedural Details
    Making Revisions
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Review and Study Questions
    Critical Thinking Exercise
    Online Resources
    Appendixes
    Computational Formulas
    Statistical Tables
    A Journal Article in Manuscript Form
    Glossary
    References
    Index
    Photo Credits

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