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    Missing Spanish Creoles Recovering the Birth of Plantation Contact Languages

    ISBN-10: 0520219996
    ISBN-13: 9780520219991
    Author(s): John McWhorter
    Description: John McWhorter challenges an enduring paradigm among linguists in this provocative exploration of the origins of plantation creoles. Using a wealth of data--linguistic, sociolinguistic, historical--he proposes that the "limited access model" of  More...
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    List Price: $63.00
    Publisher: University of California Press
    Binding: Hardcover
    Pages: 292
    Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
    Weight: 1.298
    Language: English

    John McWhorter challenges an enduring paradigm among linguists in this provocative exploration of the origins of plantation creoles. Using a wealth of data--linguistic, sociolinguistic, historical--he proposes that the "limited access model" of creole genesis is seriously flawed. That model maintains that plantation creole languages emerged because African slaves greatly outnumbered whites on colonial plantations. Having little access to the slaveholders' European languages, the slaves were forced to build a new language from what fragments they did acquire. Not so, says McWhorter, who posits that plantation creole originated in West African trade settlements, in interactions between white traders and slaves, some of whom were eventually transported overseas. The evidence that most New World creoles were imports traceable to West Africa strongly suggests that the well-established limited access model for plantation creole needs revision. In forcing a reexamination of this basic tenet, McWhorter's book will undoubtedly cause controversy. At the same time, it makes available a vast amount of data that will be a valuable resource for further explorations of genesis theory.

    Acknowledgments
    Introduction
    Where Are the Spanish Creoles?
    Introduction
    Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, and Mexico
    "There Are Spanish Creoles": Papiamentu and Palenquero
    "There Were Spanish Creoles": Bozal Spanish and the "Extinct Pan-Hispanic Creole"
    "There Will Turn Out to Be Spanish Creoles"
    Accommodating the Theory to the Data: Societes d'Habitations versus Plantations
    The Spanish as Kinder, Gentler Colonizers
    "Nothing Is at Issue": The "Case-by-Case" Argument
    Conclusion
    The Atlantic English-Based Creoles: Sisters Under the Skin
    Introduction
    Methodology
    The Features
    A Closer Look
    Implications
    Sociohistorical Evidence
    Summary
    The Creationist at a Cocktail Party: Afrogenesis and the Atlantic English-Based Creoles
    Introduction
    Dating the Emergence of Sranan
    A Theoretical Anomaly
    Barbados?
    West African Trade Settlements
    The Cormantin Castle
    Linguistic Evidence for the Cormantin Scenario
    Preserving the Paradigm
    Hancock's Domestic Hypothesis
    Conclusion
    Off the Plantation for Good: The French-Based Creoles
    Introduction
    Linguistic Data
    Sociohistorical Evidence
    Exploring Other Perspectives
    The Portuguese Creoles
    The Dutch Question
    Conclusion
    Synthesis
    Geocentrism and Creole Studies
    The Afrogenesis Hypothesis: Fundamental Outline
    The Afrogenesis Hypothesis: Elaboration
    The Afrogenesis Hypothesis: Problems Become Predictions
    The Afrogenesis Hypothesis: Changing the Lens
    The Case-by-Case Argument
    The Reality of the Paradigm
    Conclusion
    The Middle Ground
    The Domain of the Afrogenesis Hypothesis
    Standards of Evaluation
    Curtain
    References
    Index

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    • Due Date: 6/2/2015

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