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    Organic Crop Breeding

    ISBN-10: 0470958588
    ISBN-13: 9780470958582
    Author(s): Edith T. Lammerts van Bueren, James R. Myers
    Description: Organic Crop Breeding will provide readers with a thorough review of the latest efforts by crop breeders and geneticists to develop improved varieties for organic production. The book opens with chapters looking at breeding efforts that focus on  More...
    List price: $197.95
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    List Price: $197.95
    Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
    Binding: Hardcover
    Pages: 312
    Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.50" tall
    Weight: 1.694
    Language: English

    Organic Crop Breeding will provide readers with a thorough review of the latest efforts by crop breeders and geneticists to develop improved varieties for organic production. The book opens with chapters looking at breeding efforts that focus on specific valuable traits such as quality, pest and disease resistance as well as the impacts improved breeding efforts can have on organic production. The second part of the book is a series of crop specific case studies that look at breeding efforts currently underway from around the world in crops ranging from carrots to corn. Organic Crop Breeding includes chapters from leading researchers in the field and is edited by two pioneers in the field.Organic Crop Breeding will provide valuable insight for crop breeders, geneticist, crop science professionals, researchers, and advanced students in this quickly emerging field.

    Contributors
    Foreword
    Preface
    Acknowledgments
    General Topics Related to Organic Plant Breeding
    Organic Crop Breeding: Integrating Organic Agricultural Approaches and Traditional and Modern Plant Breeding Methods
    Introduction
    How Different Are Organic Fanning Systems?
    Consequences for Cultivar Requirements
    From Cultivar Evaluation to Organic Seed Production and Plant Breeding Programs
    The History of Organic Crop Breeding in Europe and the United States
    Perspectives and Challenges for Breeding for Organic Agriculture
    Conclusion
    References
    Nutrient Management in Organic Farming and Consequences for Direct and Indirect Selection Strategies
    Introduction
    Availability of Nutrients in Organic Farming
    Roots: The Hidden Potential
    Even Greater Complexity: Plant-Microbe-Soil Interactions
    Importance of Selection Environments
    Breeding Strategies
    References
    Pest and Disease Management in Organic Farming: Implications and Inspirations for Plant Breeding
    Introduction
    Plant Protection in Organic Farming
    Key Target Areas of Plant Breeding for Organic Plant Protection
    Breeding Goals for Ecological Plant Protection
    Plant Breeding Approaches Directly Targeting Pests or Diseases
    Plant Breeding Approaches with Indirect Effects on Plant Health
    Discussion and Conclusions
    References
    Approaches to Breed for Improved Weed Suppression in Organically Grown Cereals
    Background
    Crop Competitiveness Against Weeds
    Crop Traits Involved in Weed Suppression
    Selection of Traits and Their Evaluation in Plant Breeding Programs
    Selection Strategies
    Understanding Crop-Weed Interactions to Assist Plant Breeding
    Concluding Remarks and Wider Perspectives
    References
    Breeding for Genetically Diverse Populations: Variety Mixtures and Evolutionary Populations
    Introduction
    Benefits of Genetic Diversity for Organic Agriculture
    On-Farm Conservation of Useful Genetic Diversity
    Breeding Strategies
    Conclusion
    References
    Centralized or Decentralized Breeding: The Potentials of Participatory Approaches for Low-Input and Organic Agriculture
    Introduction
    Centralized and Decentralized Breeding: Definitions
    What Can Be Decentralized in Breeding and Why?
    Participatory Approaches
    PPB: A Single Term Yielding Different Approaches
    Some Examples of PPB for Organic and Low Input Agriculture in Southern Countries
    Some Examples of PPB for Organic and Low Input Agriculture in Northern Countries
    General Conclusions and Limits of PPB Approaches in Organic Fanning
    References
    Values and Principles in Organic Farming and Consequences for Breeding Approaches and Techniques
    Introduction
    Arguments Against Genetic Engineering
    Organic Basic Principles
    Toward Organic Breeding
    From Values to Criteria: Evaluation of Breeding Techniques
    How to Deal with Varieties Bred with Non-compliant Techniques?
    Toward Appropriate Standards to Promote Organic Plant Breeding
    Discussion and Challenges for Organic Plant Breeding
    References
    Plant Breeding, Variety Release, and Seed Commercialization: Laws and Policies Applied to the Organic Sector
    Introduction
    The Developments of Plant Breeding and the Emergence of Seed Laws
    Variety Registration
    Seed Quality Control and Certification
    Special Needs for Organic Agriculture
    A Recent Development in Europe: Conservation Varieties
    Intellectual Property Rights and Plant Breeding
    Discussion
    Conclusions
    Notes
    References
    Organic Plant Breeding in Specific Crops
    Wheat: Breeding for Organic Farming Systems
    Introduction
    Methods
    Traits for Selection in Organic Breeding Programs
    A Case Study for EPB: Lexi's Project
    A Case Study for Breeding within a Supply Chain Approach: Peter Kunz and Sativa
    Conclusion
    References
    Maize: Breeding and Field Testing for Organic Farmers
    Introduction
    What Kind of Maize do Organic Farmers Want?
    Are There Viable Alternatives to Single Cross Hybrids?
    Testing and Using Alternative Hybrids
    Are There Benefits for Breeding under Organic Conditions?
    For Which Traits Is It Necessary to Test under Organic Conditions?
    Choice of Parents for Breeding Programs
    Breeding Programs
    Future Directions
    Notes
    References
    Rice: Crop Breeding Using Farmer-Led Participatory Plant Breeding
    Introduction
    MASIPAG and Participatory Rice Breeding
    Beyond PPB: Farmer-Led Rice Breeding
    The Breeding Process
    Outcomes of the MASIPAG Program
    Outlook
    References
    Soybean: Breeding for Organic Farming Systems
    Introduction
    Agronomic Characters
    Seed Quality Features
    Considerations on Breeding Methods
    References
    Faba Bean: Breeding for Organic Farming Systems
    Purposes of Breeding and Growing Faba Bean
    Genetic and Botanical Basics of Breeding Faba Bean
    Methodological Considerations
    Traits To Be Improved in Faba Bean Breeding
    Open Questions, Need for Action
    References
    Potato: Perspectives to Breed for an Organic Crop Ideotype
    Introduction
    Required Cultivar Characteristics
    Introgression Breeding and Applied Techniques
    Participatory Approach: An Example from the Netherlands
    Outlook
    References
    Tomato: Breeding for Improved Disease Resistance in Fresh Market and Home Garden Varieties
    Introduction
    Botanical and Genetic Characteristics of Tomato
    Rationale for Breeding Tomatoes within Organic Systems
    Breeding Needs with Focus on Organic Production
    Case Studies: Breeding for Late Blight Resistance in Europe and North America
    Outlook
    References
    Brassicas: Breeding Cole Crops for Organic Agriculture
    Introduction
    Rationale for Breeding within Organic Systems
    Plant Biology
    Traits Needed for Adaptation to Organic Production
    Consideration of Breeding Methods
    A Farmer Participatory Broccoli Breeding Program
    Outlook
    References
    Onions: Breeding Onions for Low-Input and Organic Agriculture
    Introduction
    Robust Onion Cultivars
    Breeding for Improved Nutrient Acquisition
    Mycorrhizal Symbiosis and Product Quality
    Conclusion
    References
    Index

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