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    Global Compassion Private Voluntary Organizations and U. S. Foreign Policy since 1939

    ISBN-10: 0195371178
    ISBN-13: 9780195371178
    Author(s): Rachel M. McCleary
    Description: Global Compassion is an ambitious account of the relationship between private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and the US federal government from 1939-2005. After World War II, humanitarian aid became a key component of US foreign policy and has grown  More...
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    List Price: $36.95
    Publisher: Oxford University Press, Incorporated
    Binding: Hardcover
    Pages: 256
    Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
    Weight: 1.100
    Language: English

    Global Compassion is an ambitious account of the relationship between private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and the US federal government from 1939-2005. After World War II, humanitarian aid became a key component of US foreign policy and has grown steadily ever since. Organizations like Oxfam, CARE, World Vision, and Catholic Relief Services are known the world over; however, little is known about the relationship between these private agencies and the federal government, and how truly influential these organizations can be in the realm of foreign policy. Here, Rachel McCleary provides the first truly comprehensive study of PVOs and their complex, often-fraught interaction with the federal government. The book focuses on the work of PVOs from a foreign policy perspective, revealing how federal political pressures shape the field of international relief. McCleary draws on a wide array of data--annual reports, State Department documents, and IRS records--to assess to what extent international relief and development work is becoming a commercial activity. She analyzes the often competing goals of the federal government and religious PVOs. She then exames the continuing trend of decreasing federal funds to PVOs and the simultaneous increasing awards to commercial enterprises, and looks at what this holds for the future. In this thought-provoking and rigorously researched work, Rachel McClearly offers a unique, substantive look at an understudied area of US foreign policy and international development.

    List of Figures
    List of Tables
    Dispelling Common Perceptions
    Questions and Issues
    Overview of the Data Set
    Trends in PVOs, 1939-2005
    Points of Contention between PVOs and the Federal Government
    World War II: U.S. Federal Government Consolidation and Regulation of Humanitarian Assistance, 1939-45
    American Neutrality, 1939-41
    America at War, 1941-43
    Consolidating the War Relief Effort, 1943-45
    Comparison of Religious and Secular Agencies
    From Relief to Reconstruction
    The Beginning of the Cold War and the Promotion of Economic Development, 1946-59
    The Rise and Fall of the Ethnically Oriented PVOs
    Government-PVO Coordination and Cooperation, 1946-48
    Coordinating Jewish Fund-Raising
    Containment and Reconstruction, 1948-54
    The Cold War and the Rise of Catholic Relief Services
    Continuing the Pattern of Relief Aid
    The Internationalization of American Aid
    Breakdown of Secular PVOs by Subtype
    Permanent Humanitarian Uses of Food
    Population Control and Food Production
    PVO Neutrality and the Vietnam War
    Protestant PVOs and the Rise of Evangelicals
    The Security of Israel and Jewish PVOs
    PVOs and the Secularizing of American Society
    The Golden Age of PVO-State Relations
    The PVO-State Partnership
    The Ethiopian Famine and the Maturation of the PVOs
    PVOs as Policy Advocates
    PVOs as Transnational Agencies
    Religious Agencies
    From Relief to Development
    Federal Decentralization and the Militarization of Foreign Humanitarian Aid
    Shift in Foreign Aid Trends
    The Political Maturation of PVOs
    Division among the Evangelicals
    Central America and "Low-Intensity Conflict"
    P.L. 480 and the Quasi-Governmental PVO
    The Parallel Humanitarian Role of the U.S. Military
    Sustainable Development
    The Commercialization of Foreign Aid
    "Reforming" USAID and the Loss of Competitiveness
    Commercialization of Aid
    How to Implement Aid
    National Security and Foreign Aid
    The Evolving Role of the Military
    Disbanding the PVO Club
    Transformational Development
    Foreign Assistance Reform
    Food Aid
    The Future of Foreign Aid
    Glossary
    Notes
    Bibliography
    Index

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