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    Adolescence Continuity, Change, and Diversity

    ISBN-10: 0073194727
    ISBN-13: 9780073194721
    Author(s): Nancy Cobb
    Description: Nancy Cobb’s Adolescence, recognized as one of the leading texts in the field, provides an up-to-date and thorough review of current research and theory. Praised for its clear and engaging writing style, this highly acclaimed text is distinguished  More...
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    List Price: $126.25
    Edition: 6th
    Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
    Binding: Paperback
    Pages: 576
    Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
    Weight: 2.200
    Language: English

    Nancy Cobb’s Adolescence, recognized as one of the leading texts in the field, provides an up-to-date and thorough review of current research and theory. Praised for its clear and engaging writing style, this highly acclaimed text is distinguished by its excellent coverage of gender, ethnicity, and identity, and for its treatment of differences between early and late adolescence. Research Focus Boxes in each chapter provide comprehensive coverage of developmental research methods. Additionally, In More Depth boxes on topics of special interest to students extend the coverage of each chapter.

    Nancy Cobb grew up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She divides her time between Connecticut and New York City.

    Prefacep. xxi
    Defining Adolescents: Who Are They?p. 3
    Studying Adolescents: Four Themes to Look for in This Textp. 4
    Chapter Overviewp. 4
    Who Are Adolescents?p. 5
    Adolescents in a Changing Societyp. 6
    What Is Adolescence? Three Answersp. 8
    Perspectives on Adolescencep. 11
    The Historical Perspectivep. 12
    The Lifespan Perspectivep. 14
    The Contextual Perspectivep. 16
    The Constructive Perspectivep. 18
    The Faces of Adolescentsp. 18
    Research Focus: An Experiment "Who You Pushin', Buddy!" Perceptions of Aggressivenessp. 19
    One Face or Two? Sex and Genderp. 20
    Faces of Many Colors: Ethnicityp. 22
    In More Depth: Socializing African American Childrenp. 24
    Peach Fuzz and Whiskers: From Early Adolescence to Emerging Adulthoodp. 24
    That's My Face: Identityp. 25
    Summaryp. 27
    Key Termsp. 19
    Theoretical Foundations of Adolescent Developmentp. 31
    Chapter Overviewp. 32
    Models and Theoriesp. 32
    A Model Definedp. 32
    A Theory Definedp. 33
    The Environmental Modelp. 35
    The Organismic Model: The Constructive Perspectivep. 36
    Environmental Theoriesp. 38
    Focus on the Intellectual: Havighurstp. 38
    Explaining the Motivational: Skinnerp. 38
    Focus on the Social-Interpersonal: Bandurap. 40
    Organismic Theories: Adolescents Constructing Their Worldsp. 41
    Focus on the Intellectual: Piaget and Keganp. 41
    Focus on the Motivational: Freud and Homeyp. 43
    Focus on the Social: Erikson, Chodorow, and Gilliganp. 46
    Research Focus: Erikson's Psychohistorical Approach: A Clinician's Notebook from the Dakota Prairiesp. 49
    In More Depth: Self-Descriptions of Two Adolescentsp. 51
    In More Depth: Choosing Between Responsibility to Self and Responsibility to Othersp. 53
    The Worlds of Adolescents: A Contextual Perspectivep. 55
    Internalizing the Context: Vygotsky and Rogoffp. 55
    The Significance of Context: Protective Versus Risk Factorsp. 58
    Development Within a Personal Context: The Lifespanp. 59
    Summaryp. 59
    Key Termsp. 61
    The Biological and Physical Changes of Adolescence: Puberty, Health, and Well-Beingp. 63
    Chapter Overviewp. 63
    The Endocrine Systemp. 65
    Hormonal Activityp. 65
    Puberty: A Two-Step Processp. 65
    The Physical Changes of Pubertyp. 68
    Recollections of an Adolescent Girlp. 69
    Recollections of an Adolescent Boyp. 70
    The Growth Spurtp. 71
    The Reproductive Systemp. 72
    Menarchep. 75
    Spermarchep. 77
    The Secular Trendp. 78
    The Psychological and Social Implications of Pubertyp. 79
    Heightened Emotionalityp. 79
    Relationships with Parentsp. 80
    The Timing of Change: Early and Late Maturersp. 81
    Early and Late Maturing Boysp. 82
    Early and Late Maturing Girlsp. 82
    Body Image and Self-Esteemp. 84
    Health and Well-Beingp. 87
    Nutritionp. 87
    Physical Activityp. 88
    Overweightp. 88
    In More Depth: The Edible Schoolyardp. 90
    Health Carep. 90
    Povertyp. 91
    Research Focus: Randomized Versus Quasi-Experimental Designs: What's in a Name? Communication Across the Agesp. 92
    Summaryp. 94
    Key Termsp. 97
    The Cognitive and Intellectual Changes of Adolescencep. 99
    Chapter Overviewp. 100
    How Adolescents Thinkp. 101
    Thinking Abstractlyp. 101
    Thinking Hypotheticallyp. 102
    Thinking Logicallyp. 102
    Biological Bases to Intellectual Developmentp. 103
    Cognitive Development: A Constructive Perspectivep. 104
    Piaget and Keganp. 105
    Contextual Effects and Formal Thinkingp. 108
    A Psychometric Approach to Intelligencep. 109
    Intelligence: What Is It?p. 110
    A Closer Look: The WAIS-Rp. 110
    Intelligence Tests and Culturep. 111
    Research Focus: Cross-Sectional and Sequential Designs: Does Intelligence Slip with Age?p. 112
    Are There Gender Differences in Intellectual Functioning?p. 114
    Beyond IQ: An Information Processing Approachp. 116
    Sternberg's Componential Intelligencep. 117
    Gardner's Multiple Intelligencesp. 119
    Practical Intelligencep. 120
    Implications for Everyday Lifep. 121
    Pseudostupidityp. 121
    An Imaginary Audiencep. 121
    Understanding Othersp. 122
    New Emotionsp. 122
    Arguingp. 123
    Doubt and Skepticismp. 124
    Implications for the Classroomp. 124
    Reasoningp. 124
    Can Adolescents Think Like Scientists?p. 125
    Study Skills and Knowing What You Don't Knowp. 126
    Metaphors and Meaning: When Is a Ship a State?p. 127
    Summaryp. 128
    Key Termsp. 129
    Defining the Self: identity and Intimacyp. 131
    Chapter Overviewp. 132
    Autonomy and Individuationp. 133
    Autonomyp. 133
    Individuationp. 135
    In More Depth: The Joys of Parenting Early Adolescentsp. 136
    Family Interaction and Adolescents' Individuationp. 137
    In More Depth: Communication Patterns That Foster Individualismp. 138
    In More Depth: Parents' Reflections About Late Adolescencep. 139
    Identity: The Normative Crisis of Adolescencep. 139
    Variations on a Theme of Identityp. 142
    Identity Statusesp. 142
    Moratorium and Possible Selvesp. 145
    Identity stylesp. 145
    Identity: Gender and Ethnicityp. 146
    Gender Differences in Identity Formationp. 146
    Research Focus: Operationalizing Concepts: What Kind of Decision Maker Are You?p. 148
    Contributions of Ethnicity to Identity Developmentp. 150
    Achieving a Bicultural Identityp. 153
    The Selfp. 154
    Self-Concept: Who Am I?p. 154
    Self-Esteem: Do I Like Myself?p. 156
    Intimacy: Discovering the Self Through Relationshipsp. 159
    Knowing Oneselfp. 159
    Intimacy with Othersp. 160
    Intimacy and Identity: Different Paths to Maturity?p. 161
    Developmental Issues in Adolescencep. 163
    Dimensions of Relatednessp. 164
    Gender Differences in Relatednessp. 164
    A New Definition of Maturityp. 167
    Summaryp. 168
    Key Termsp. 169
    The Sexual Self: Close Relationships in Adolescencep. 171
    Chapter Overviewp. 172
    Sexual Identityp. 172
    Gender Stereotypes: The Meaning of Masculine and Femininep. 173
    Research Focus: Between-Subjects Design: Date Rapep. 174
    Constructing a Sexual Identityp. 176
    Sexual Scriptsp. 178
    Making Sexual Decisionsp. 178
    Talking with Parentsp. 179
    Sexual Attitudes and Behaviorsp. 179
    Self-Stimulationp. 180
    Protective Factorsp. 181
    In More Depth: Descriptions of the Experience of Orgasmp. 183
    The Sexual Response Cyclep. 183
    Sexual Functioning: Myths and Misconceptionsp. 184
    Sexual Orientationp. 185
    Homosexualityp. 186
    Prejudice and Discriminationp. 187
    Biological and Psychosocial Bases of Sexual Attractionp. 187
    Sexual Health: Risks and Responsibilitiesp. 159
    Contraceptionp. 189
    Sexually Transmitted Diseasesp. 191
    Teenage Pregnanciesp. 198
    Sex Education: What Adolescents Need to Knowp. 201
    The Effectiveness of School Programsp. 202
    Comprehensive and Service Learning Programsp. 203
    Abstinence-Only Programsp. 205
    Summaryp. 205
    Key Termsp. 207
    Adolescents in the Family: Changing Roles and Relationshipsp. 209
    Chapter Overviewp. 209
    Changing Relationships with Parentsp. 210
    Turmoil and Changep. 210
    Calm and Continuityp. 210
    Research Focus: Sampling: How Emotional Are Adolescents?p. 211
    Change and Continuityp. 211
    Negotiating Family Conflictsp. 214
    Emotional Climate of Familiesp. 218
    Parents and Adolescentsp. 219
    Styles of Parentingp. 219
    Styles of Parenting and Ethnicityp. 221
    The Contexts of Parenting: Genetic and Environmental Contributionsp. 224
    Whose Identity Crisis? Parents and Middle Agep. 226
    Families and Adolescent Developmentp. 227
    Family Factors in Developmentp. 227
    Families and Ethnicityp. 229
    In More Depth: What Parents Wish They Had Known About Adolescencep. 230
    Siblingsp. 231
    Families in Transitionp. 232
    Changing Family Structuresp. 232
    Dual-Earner Familiesp. 238
    Summaryp. 240
    Key Termsp. 241
    Adolescents and Their Friendsp. 243
    Chapter Overviewp. 243
    The Importance of Friendshipsp. 245
    Group Identityp. 245
    Gossip and Self-Disclosurep. 246
    Friends and Well-Beingp. 248
    Parents and Well-Beingp. 249
    Friendship Patternsp. 250
    Age Differences in Friendship Patternsp. 251
    Social Competencep. 253
    Social Status: Who's In and Who's Notp. 254
    Interethnic Friendshipsp. 256
    Gender and Friendshipsp. 259
    Friendships and Sexual-Minority Youthp. 259
    The Peer Groupp. 259
    Cliques and Crowdsp. 260
    Crushes and Datingp. 262
    Research Focus: Longitudinal Design: Friendship Patternsp. 263
    A Youth Culturep. 265
    Schoolp. 265
    Conformity and Peer Pressurep. 266
    Valuesp. 267
    Deviant Behaviorp. 268
    Youth Organizationsp. 271
    Summaryp. 271
    Key Termsp. 273
    Adolescents in the Schoolsp. 275
    Chapter Overviewp. 276
    Educating Adolescentsp. 276
    Structuring the Learning Environmentp. 276
    Preparing for High School: Junior High or Middle Schoolp. 277
    What Makes Schools Effective?p. 279
    Skilled Teachersp. 280
    In More Depth: Science in the Classroom: Analysis of a Frisbeep. 281
    Smaller Schools and Smaller Communities for Learningp. 282
    School Climatep. 282
    Full-Service Schoolsp. 283
    Parental Involvementp. 283
    School Violencep. 283
    Bullies and Victimsp. 284
    In More Depth: Columbine: The Imaginary Audience and a Real Stagep. 286
    In More Depth: Definition and Forms of Bullyingp. 289
    Teaching Peacep. 289
    Education for Allp. 290
    Gender in the Classroomp. 290
    Multicultural Educationp. 291
    Examining the Differencesp. 294
    Academic Achievementp. 296
    Socioeconomic Statusp. 297
    Academic Trackingp. 297
    Proficiency in Basic Subjectsp. 299
    Academic Successp. 299
    Patterns of Achievementp. 302
    Gender Differences and Achievementp. 303
    Adolescents at the Edgep. 305
    Gifted Adolescentsp. 306
    In More Depth: Some Characteristics of Gifted Studentsp. 307
    Adolescents with Learning Disabilitiesp. 307
    Research Focus: Within-Subjects Design and Attention Deficit Disorder: "Can't I Stay Home? I Think I Don't Feel Well."p. 308
    Dropping Outp. 310
    Measuring Successp. 313
    Testing and Public Policyp. 314
    Summaryp. 314
    Key Termsp. 317
    Work, Careers, and College: New Decisions, New Ways of Thinkingp. 319
    Chapter Overviewp. 320
    Adolescents at Workp. 321
    Continuity of Attitudes Toward Work over the Lifespanp. 321
    Part-Time Employmentp. 321
    Adolescents Who Drop Out and Employmentp. 325
    Choosing a Vocationp. 327
    Social-Cognitive Theoryp. 327
    Research Focus: Correlational Research: Hangin' out on a Friday Nightp. 328
    Ginzburg: Vocational Stagesp. 330
    Super: Careers and the Self-Conceptp. 332
    Holland: Personality Types and Workp. 333
    Joining the Workforcep. 335
    Job Availabilityp. 335
    Gender in the Workplacep. 336
    Minorities and Workp. 339
    Intervention Programs: Strategies for Changep. 340
    Counselors as Change Agentsp. 341
    Irrational Beliefs and Maladaptive Mythsp. 341
    In More Depth: Myths That Interface with Adaptive Career Decision Makingp. 342
    Adolescents and College: Thinking About Ideasp. 343
    New Solutions to Old Problems: Structural Analytical Thinkingp. 343
    How College Changes the Way Adolescents Thinkp. 345
    Gender Differences in Intellectual Developmentp. 347
    Knowledge of One's Culture: Everybody's an Expertp. 350
    Adolescent Decision Makingp. 351
    Personal Effectivenessp. 351
    Dealing with Everyday Problemsp. 352
    Summaryp. 354
    Key Termsp. 355
    Facing the Future Values in Transitionp. 357
    Chapter Overviewp. 358
    The Values of Adolescentsp. 358
    Values: Adolescents and Parentsp. 358
    Values: Gender and Racep. 359
    Values and Culturep. 360
    Values and Identityp. 360
    A Developing Moralityp. 364
    Social-Cognitive Theory and Moral Developmentp. 364
    Internalizing Standardsp. 364
    Considering Intentionsp. 364
    Questioning Valuesp. 365
    Acting Morallyp. 365
    Moral Virtuesp. 366
    Critique of Social-Cognitive Theoryp. 366
    Kohlberg: The Development of Moral Reasoningp. 367
    In More Depth: Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Reasoningp. 368
    Preconventional Moral Reasoningp. 368
    In More Depth: Rachel's Dilemmap. 369
    Conventional Moral Reasoning: Internalizing Standardsp. 369
    Research Focus: Statistical Tests of Significance: What Do a Huai Haizi, a Warui Ko, and a Bad Kid Have in Common?p. 370
    Postconventional Moral Reasoning: Questioning Valuesp. 371
    When Justice May Not Be Enough: Forgivenessp. 372
    Critique of Kohlberg's Theoryp. 374
    Gilligan: An Ethic of Carep. 376
    Caring for Self (Survival)p. 376
    Caring for Others (Goodness)p. 377
    Caring for Self and Others (Truth)p. 378
    Critique of Gilligan's Theoryp. 379
    Comparison of Kohlberg's and Gilligan's Approachesp. 380
    Freud: Morality and the Superegop. 381
    Critique of Freud's Theoryp. 381
    Adolescents' Religious Beliefsp. 382
    The Importance of Religionp. 386
    Summaryp. 387
    Key Termsp. 389
    The Problems of Youthp. 391
    Chapter Overviewp. 392
    Alienation and the Failure to Copep. 392
    Runawaysp. 393
    Support for Adolescent Runaways and Parentsp. 394
    In More Depth: Types of Maltreatmentp. 395
    Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglectp. 395
    Juvenile Delinquencyp. 397
    Age Differences in Delinquencyp. 397
    Gender Differences in Delinquencyp. 398
    Ethnic Differences in Delinquencyp. 398
    Delinquency and Social Classp. 398
    Understanding Delinquencyp. 399
    Gangsp. 400
    Youth and Violencep. 403
    Adolescents and Drugsp. 405
    What Is Dependence?p. 406
    Alcoholp. 406
    Cigarettesp. 406
    In More Depth: Criteria for Drug Dependencep. 407
    Marijuanap. 407
    Age, Ethnicity, and Genderp. 408
    Patterns of Drug Usep. 409
    Risk and Protective Factorsp. 409
    Trends Over Timep. 410
    Prevention Programsp. 410
    Eating Disordersp. 413
    Bulimia and Anorexiap. 414
    Overweightp. 415
    Research Focus: Bias and Blind Controls: Eating Disordersp. 416
    Depressionp. 417
    Three Depressive Disordersp. 417
    Masked Depressionp. 418
    Suicidep. 418
    Gender and Ethnic Differencesp. 419
    Warning Signsp. 419
    Risk Factorsp. 420
    In More Depth: A Poem Written by a 15-Year-Old Boy Two Years Before Committing Suicidep. 421
    Counseling and Preventionp. 421
    Summaryp. 423
    Key Termsp. 425
    Positive Development in Adolescence: Meeting the Challenges and Making It Workp. 427
    Chapter Overviewp. 429
    Protective Factors in Adolescencep. 429
    Familiesp. 430
    Research Focus: Archival Research: Racial Socialization-Survival Tactics in a White Society?p. 432
    Communitiesp. 434
    Schoolsp. 435
    Personal Strengths: Temperament, Competence, and Religionp. 436
    Stress and Copingp. 436
    How Adolescents Cope with Stressp. 437
    Gender and Ethnicityp. 438
    Learning Effective Coping Strategiesp. 438
    Beyond Coping: Caring and Prosocial Behaviorp. 440
    Positive Youth Developmentp. 441 Love 443
    Summaryp. 444
    Key Termsp. 445
    Studying Adolescence: Research Methods and Issuesp. 447
    Chapter Overviewp. 447
    Research Strategiesp. 449
    Number of Participantsp. 449
    Degree of Controlp. 450
    Developmental Research: Issues and Designsp. 454
    Correlational Researchp. 454
    Cross-Sectional Designsp. 455
    Longitudinal Designsp. 456
    Sequential Designsp. 458
    Path Analysisp. 458
    Response Measures in Developmental Researchp. 459
    Dependent Variablesp. 459
    Types of Response Measuresp. 460
    Research Issuesp. 460
    Internal and External Validityp. 460
    Theory-Guided Researchp. 461
    Operationalizing Conceptsp. 461
    Samplingp. 461
    Bias and Blind Controlsp. 462
    Tests of Significancep. 462
    Ethicsp. 463
    Research Designsp. 463
    Between-Subjects Designsp. 463
    Within-Subjects Designsp. 463
    Matched-Subjects Designsp. 464
    Factorial Designsp. 465
    Summaryp. 465
    Key Termsp. 466
    Glossaryp. G-1
    Referencesp. R-1
    Creditsp. C-1
    Author Indexp. I-1
    Subject Indexp. I-13
    Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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